Answer: According to the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) Final Rule, Section 205.237, Livestock Feed, minerals and vitamins are allowed as feed additives as long as they are FDA approved. The specific rules are:
Section 205.237 – Livestock feed
(a) The producer of an organic livestock operation must provide livestock with a total feed ration composed of agricultural products, including pasture and forage, that are organically produced and, if applicable, organically handled: EXCEPT, that non-synthetic substances and synthetic substances allowed under 205.603 may be used as feed additives and supplements.
Section 205.603 - Synthetic substances allowed for use in organic livestock production
Section (d): As feed additives
(1) Trace minerals, used for enrichment or fortification when FDA approved, including:
(i) Copper sulfate
(ii) Magnesium sulfate
(2) Vitamins, used for enrichment or fortification when FDA approved
USDA/NOP Feed additive definition: A substance added to feed in micro quantities to fulfill a specific nutritional need: i.e., essential nutrients in the form of amino acids, vitamins, and minerals.
Most farm stores should have several different types of minerals that are FDA approved that could be added to your hog or cattle rations, either free-choice or mixed in their rations.
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