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Home  > Question of the Week

Question of the Week

Permalink Is a poplar plantation feasible in my part of the country?


Answer: That largely depends on the market. Is there someone who will buy the poplars within a reasonable trucking distance of your location? In the end, you may have to ask local pallet producers.

However, Missouri has several excellent resources that can help you in your overall evaluation of a hybrid poplar plantation. A Missouri Extension publication on the Web that should be helpful is Forestry Assistance for Landowners. The entire publication can be found at

In addition, the Missouri Center for Agroforestry has included the subject as one of its eleven research clusters. You may wish to contact them for consultation. Following is the description from their Web site,

Fast growing hardwoods biomass research cluster. Focus is to quantify growth of Populus clones, and other species, for biomass production, flood tolerance and levee protection.
1. Biomass opportunities in the floodplain. Collect above-ground biomass weights (mt/ha) from 92 cottonwood clones. The information will be input into a database for future analyses. Data on heat content (GJ/mt) will also be determined.
2.The development of fast growing energy plantations for bottomland sites in Missouri using elite Populus deltoides clones.
3.Physiological and morphological determinants of biomass productivity of poplar clones leading to an assessment of the carbon budget for cottonwood clonal stands.

Minnesota has also done considerable research. In Minnesota, the native stands of aspen were exhausted, and the state encouraged plantings of hybrid poplar to replace them. In this case, the processing infrastructure was already in place. One University of Minnesota publication, Discovering Profit in Unlikely Places: Agroforestry Opportunities for Added Income, devotes a chapter to "Woody Crop Plantations." You may view the entire publication at

Three other Web locations that might be of interest:

• Short Rotation Woody Crops Operations Working Group

• Hybrid Poplar Research Program

• National Agroforestry Center’s publication Opportunities for Growing Short-Rotation Woody Crops in Agroforestry Practices

The Poplar-Willow Technology Network is linked to the National Agroforestry Center's site. It is described as "a national network of experts to provide technical support for individuals, private companies, city, county, state and federal agencies interested in using fast growing tree species for wastewater treatment and other similar types of tree-related environmental projects." Two sources of tree materials in Missouri were listed on this site.

Cutting suppliers/nurseries:
• Ripley County Farms, Doniphan, Missouri, 573-996-3449
• River Valley Tree Service, East Prairie, MO, 573-649-3355, 573-380-1145

Print Resources

Alig, Ralph et al. 2000. Economic potential of short-rotation woody crops on agricultural land for pulp fiber production in the United States. Forest Products Journal. May. p. 67–74.

Anon. 1990. Short Rotation Intensive Culture. Energy Information Center, Minnesota Dept. of Public Service, St. Paul, MN. 8 p.

Godsey, Larry D. 2001. Tax Considerations for the Establishment of Agroforestry Practices. 3-2001. University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry, Columbia, MO. 12 p.

Godsey, Larry D. 2002. Funding Incentives for Agroforestry in Missouri. 5-2002. University of Missouri Center for Agroforestry, Columbia, MO. 24 p.

Kuhn, Gary A. and W.J. Rietveld. 1998. Opportunities for Growing Short-Rotation Woody Crops in Agroforestry Practices. AF Note #10 Agroforestry Notes. USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station and USDANatural Resources Conservation Service. 4 p.

Rhoads, Julie L., and John Pl Slusher. 1999. Forestry Assistance for Landowners. G5999. University of Missouri Extension Publication, Columbia MO. [excerpt]. 5 p.

Streed, Erik. 2002. Hybrid Poplar Profits. University of Minnesota. 6 p.



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