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Question of the Week

L.M. CaliforniaAnswer: Soy flour is made from whole soybeans that have been roasted and ground. Most soy flour is defatted to keep the flour fresh. You can find detailed technical information on soy flour manufacturing and equipment at…...

A.T. MissouriAnswer: A search of the Internet reveals a good deal of ongoing research on this subject in the U.S., Bangladesh, and Australia. Oil of yellow mustard is being proposed as a replacement for the soil fumigant methyl bromide. A 1997…...

S.G. HawaiiAnswer:First, I would urge you to contact Neil Miller, who works with the USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) researching fruit fly management. He has been working with many organic growers on the big island to help them manage…...

C.A. OhioThe dangerous Asian type of avian influenza is not present in the U.S., currently, and no vaccine is available for small homestead flocks. For additional information, please see the National Chicken Council Web site on Avian Influenza. You…...

Answer: Wireworms are the larvae of click beetles. In Vermont, the eastern field wireworm (Limonius agonus) occasionally develops in corn fields under very clean cultivation on sandy soils. The most troublesome wireworm in Vermont is the wheat wireworm.…...

V.R. CaliforniaAnswer: According to The National Grassbank Network, a grassbank is a partnership that leverages conservation practices across multiple land ownerships based on the exchange of forage for tangible conservation benefits. Grassbank can…...

R.L. New YorkAnswer: Ticks feed on the blood of vertebrate animals, particularly (but not exclusively) mammals. Ticks are also vectors of diseases such as Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Lyme's Disease and others. As with any pest, management should…...

D.S. West VirginiaAnswer: Mark Schonbeck, Virginia Association for Biological Farming, classifies weeds such as curly dock as simple perennial weeds. Curly dock, Rhumex crispus, has a strong, deep taproot that, if chopped up by tillage, will start…...

M.L. MissouriAnswer: That largely depends on the market. Is there someone who will buy the poplars within a reasonable trucking distance of your location? In the end, you may have to ask local pallet producers.However, Missouri has several…...

S.A. MaineAnswer: The University of Maine's Extension Service has quite a bit of information on this subject. There are also many other materials related to business start-up available either through your local Extension office or from the Web site.…...

Thought to be the progenitor of cultivated oats (Avena sativa), Avena sterilis - otherwise known as uloff, eulof, or ulouf - is an invasive weed species that has become naturalized in many parts of the U.S. In Turkey, populations of A. sterilis have…...

F.J. WisconsinAnswer: The best source of information on breeding and raising camels is the American Camel Club Resource Directory. Contact Rare Breeds Journal at www.rarebreedsjournal.com/ for information on how to get this directory. Rare Breeds…...

W.Z. New YorkAnswer: Listed below are publications and articles discussing various methods of control for crows and blackbirds. Several discuss the seed treatments and repellents that have been used over the years to control bird damage to corn…...

R.T. MissouriAnswer: On September 20, 2003, the Dale Bumpers Small Farms Research Center in conjunction with Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service held a Sheep and Goat Field Day. One of the presenters was Jason Apple. Dr. Apple summarized a…...

M.P. Kansas Answer: Bindweed is very difficult to control organically. Field bindweed roots of two inches or more that are not brought to the surface and dried out by the sun can re-grow. Repeated tillage for several years should decrease the…...

M.L. MissouriAnswer: As usual, the main key to profitability is the market. Is there someone who will buy the poplars within a reasonable trucking distance of your location? You may have to sell to local pallet producers.However, Missouri has…...

R.M. TennesseeAnswer: Several western states have excellent publications on poison hemlock, Conium maculatum. The Montana publication (see Resources, below) includes distinguishing characteristics so that you can positively identify the weed and…...

A.D. North Carolina Answer: Because they are so attractive, flowers are certainly a natural for any kind of on-farm market or roadside stand. At a fruit and vegetable grower's conference 20 years ago, Karen Pendleton of Lawrence, Kansas, told how…...

L.M. ArkansasAnswer: One thing you want to do soon is register a domain name. You can go to a site such as http://smallbusiness.yahoo.com/domains/ to learn which names are still available and also to register a name. Once you register your domain…...

K.A. IllinoisAnswer: Alligator farming is a dynamic industry, but one with an uncertain future. While it has the potential to be very profitable, it is also expensive to get into and very risky, because of the long time between capital investment…...

F.P. KansasAnswer: Listed below are several booklets and magazine articles on guinea fowl production, as well as a USDA brochure entitled Raising Guinea Fowl. The book Guinea Fowl is available from Stromberg's Chicks & Gamebirds Unlimited,…...

C.S. CaliforniaAnswer: The Practical Farmers of Iowa have had several farmers try alternative parasite management and report their results. Some of their findings are at the links in Resources, below. The National Organic Program standards do not…...