How are we doing?
Find Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter
Follow us on Pinterst Visit the ATTRA Youtube Channel

What Is Sustainable Agriculture?

Master Publication List

Education

Energy Alternatives

Beginning Farmer

Field Crops

Horticultural Crops

Livestock & Pasture

Local Food Systems

Marketing, Business & Risk Management

Organic Farming

Pest Management

Soils & Compost

Water Management

Other Resources

Home Page


Contribute to NCAT



Newsletter icon Newsletters

Newsletter sign up button

· Privacy Policy
· Newsletter Archives




RSS Icon XML Feeds

RSS 2.0: Events, Breaking News, Funding Opportunties
Atom: Events, Breaking News, Funding Opportunties


NCAT strives to make our information available to everyone who needs it. If you are a limited-access or low-income farmer and find that one of our publications is just not in your budget, please call 800-346-9140.
Default Font Size Increase Font Size Increase Font Size
Home > Master Publication List > Drought Resource Guide

Drought Resource Guide


Barbara Bellows
NCAT Agriculture Specialist
© NCAT 2005


Drought Overview

Numerous resources are available to producers to assist them as they manage their farms or ranches in the event of drought as well as to protect their assets in the event of a drought. This resource list is designed to accompany the ATTRA Drought PowerPoint Presentations. It initially provides a list of journals and Web sites providing information on general farm management practices that can help mitigate the impacts of drought conditions. This list is followed by primarily U.S. Web sites providing climate and weather information that can help producers track the potential or progress of droughts. Finally, most states have Web sites that provide research and farm management information related to drought conditions. Many also provide contact information for sources of financial assistance that producers can access if they loose crops or animals during a drought.

Table of Contents

Drought Introduction

Drought Introduction Power Point Presentation [PDF/848KB]

An introduction to droughts, impacts on soils, crops, and animals with an overview of management practices to lessen the impacts of drought.

Drought Overview

Drought and Weather
National Agricultural Library
www.nal.usda.gov/

List of links to programs and bibliography of reports and research papers on drought.

Drought Management on Farmland
Witmore, J.S. 1995. Water Science and Technology Library.
Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht.

Amber Waves: A Sourcebook for Sustainable Dryland Farming in the Northwestern United States.
Granatstein, David. 1992. XB 1025. College of Agriculture and Home Economics Research Center, Washington State University. Pullman, WA. 82 p.

Chapters cover moisture management, soil quality, crop rotations in dryland farming, moisture management, and a resource guide to dryland farming in the northwest U.S.

Jornada Experimental Range
USDA Research Station, New Mexico State University.
http://usda-ars.nmsu.edu/

Research on the ecology and ecosystem management of semi-arid range environments.

SAHRA—Sustainability of Semi-Arid Hydrology and Riparian Areas
www.sahra.arizona.edu/

Multidisciplinary, collaborative program promoting the sustainable management of water resources in semi-arid regions, through stakeholder-driven interdisciplinary research, aggressive public outreach, and strong education initiatives.

International Arid Lands Consortium
http://ialcworld.org/

Promotes cooperative research and practical application of new knowledge to develop sustainable ecological practices for arid lands.

Management of Agricultural Drought
Saxena, N.P. (ed.) 2003. Science Publishers, Inc. Plymouth, UK.

The Performance of Organic and Conventional Cropping Systems in an Extreme Climate Year.
Lotter, D.W., R. Seidel, and W. Liebhardt. 2003. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture. Vol. 18 No. 3.

Describes how higher water intake by organically managed soil, compared to conventionally managed soils, resulted in significantly greater corn and soybean yields. It also promoted greater weed growth.

Drought Monitoring and Mitigation

National Drought Mitigation Center
University of Nebraska — Lincoln
www.drought.unl.edu/

Provides information on monitoring, mitigating, planning for drought and understanding your risks for drought conditions. Numerous links to technical and financial assistance programs and weather information from around the country. Also includes contact information for state drought coordinators and government organizations involved in drought monitoring and mitigation.

Defending Against Drought
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/home

Links to maps of drought-monitor Web pages and current drought conditions throughout theU.S.

National Water and Climate Center
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
www.wcc.nrcs.usda.gov/wcc.html

Weekly report on snowpack and drought conditions. Links to Soil Climate Analysis Network sites across the U.S.

Stream and Groundwater Conditions
US Geological Survey
http://water.usgs.gov/waterwatch/index.html
http://waterdata.usgs.gov/nwis/current/?type=gw

Current water resources conditions and links to stream-flow data listed by state.

Soil Moisture Monitoring
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/soilmst/

Soil moisture and runoff maps at the scale of the entireU.S.

Surf Your Watershed
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
www.epa.gov/surf/

Watershed indicators and stream flow listed by watershed.

Climate and Weather Information

National Weather Service
http://weather.gov/

Weather conditions, advisories, and warnings for locations across the U.S.

Climate Data
National Climate Data Center
www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/Soilmst_Monitoring/

Links to current and historical climate data, drought maps, snow pack, and weather trends.

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration—Drought Information Center
www.drought.noaa.gov/

Drought severity maps, monthly precipitation indices, soil moisture maps, crop moisture indices, and drought indicator assessments.

National Drought Information
http://wwwagwx.ca.uky.edu/drought.html

Weather forecasts by county and city for locations across the U.S.

National Weather Service—Climate Prediction Center
www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/index.php

Access to drought monitoring information and indicators.

NOAA/USDA-Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin
www.usda.gov/oce/weather/pubs/Weekly/Wwcb/index.htm

State summaries of weather forecasts and impacts on crop production.

Regional Climate Centers
www.wrh.noaa.gov/

Provides weather information, river levels, hazardous conditions, and weather emergency preparedness information for weather stations across the country.

Drought Financial Assistance

Federal Disaster Assistance for Farmers
http://flaginc.org/topics/disaster/index.php

Order form for publication by the Farmers' Legal Action Group, Inc.

What to do Before You Call for Federal Disaster Relief
www.ag.uiuc.edu/%7Edisaster/facts/relief.html

Farm Service Agency Online
www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=home&subject=diap&topic=landing

Disaster Assistance programs in the event of floods, drought, or severe storms.

Catalogue of Federal Drought Assistance Programs
www.fsa.usda.gov/indc/programs.pdf

National Drought Council
www.fsa.usda.gov/indc/

Emergency Loan Program Factsheet
www.fsa.usda.gov/pas/publications/facts/html/emer02.htm

Disaster Debt Set-Aside Program
www.fsa.usda.gov/pas/publications/facts/html/debtset02.htm

Hay Net
www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=online&subject=landing&topic=hay

Venue for the exchange of information regarding sources of and needs for hay in the event of drought.

Non-Insured Crop Disaster Insurance Program
www.fsa.usda.gov/pas/publications/facts/html/nap99.htm

USDA Drought Information and Assistance
www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=home&subject=diap&topic=landing

Provides links to information and maps to assist in drought preparedness.

USDA Disaster Assistance
www.fsa.usda.gov/FSA/webapp?area=home&subject=diap&topic=landing

Federal programs that provide assistance in the event of a declared disaster.

Federal Emergency Management Agency
www.fema.gov

Lists active disaster areas and assistance available to people affected by proclaimed disasters.

Texas Drought Resource Information Packet:
www.agr.state.tx.us/producer%5Finfo/hay%5Fgrazing/drought.pdf

A comprehensive list of resources, some specific to Texas, but many federal or national in scope: good information on the environmental, social, and economic costs of droughts as well as diagrams outlining processes used to declare an emergency.

Tax Issues after a Drought
North Dakota State University
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/taxes.htm

Guidelines for crop loss and livestock sales.

Back to top

Soil Health and Drought

Soil Health and Drought Power Point Presentation [PDF/1.8MB]

Soil management and tillage practices to conserve water and maintain conditions for productive crop and forage growth during droughts.

Illustration Credits

Slide Title

Photo courtesy of:

Cover

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Natural Soil Characteristics

USDA Agriculture Research Service Image Gallery

Soil Slope and Water

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Soil Water Conservation

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Cropping Practices for Healthy Soils

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Soil Organic Matter and Soil Organisms

Tom Bruns, Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California-Berkeley

Aggregated Soils

USDA NRCS Soil Quality Information Sheets.

Practices to Protect Soil Life

Illinois Natural History Survey

Residues for Water Conservation

Joe Lauer, University of Wisconsin Short Course

Windbreaks to Reduce Evaporation

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Stubble to Increase Snow Infiltration

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Plant to Enhance Water Availability

Marilyn Bria, Department of Geography, Michigan State University

Conserve Moisture During Planting

USDA Photography Center

Use Drought Resistant Crops

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Rotate to Build Soil Quality

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Avoid Water Competition Among Rotated Crops

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Control Weeds to Conserve Moisture Availability

USDA Agriculture Research Service Image Gallery

Tillage and Compaction

Carter and Gruenewald Co., Inc.

Tillage Equipment and Evaporation

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Minimum Till Practices

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Minimum Till Trade-Offs

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Killed-Mulch Tillage Tools

Steve Diver

Minimum Tillage Alternatives

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Frost Tillage

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Rangeland Health Indicators

USDA NRCS Soil Quality Information Sheets

Grazing Practices for Healthy Soils

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Rotating for Forage Persistence

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Riparian Protection Methods

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Riparian Protection Benefits

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Summary

USDA NRCS Soil Quality Information Sheets

Resource Guide

ATTRA Publications

Soil Management

  • Drought Resistant Soils
  • Sustainable Soil Management
  • Alternative Soil Amendments
  • Farm-Scale Composting Resource List

Tillage and Crop Management

  • Pursuing Conservation Tillage for Organic Crop Production
  • Conservation Tillage
  • Overview of Cover Crops and Green Manures
  • Rye as a Cover Crop

Pasture Soil Management

  • Sustainable Pasture Management
  • Assessing the Pasture Soil Resource
  • Nutrient Cycling in Pastures
  • A Brief Overview of Nutrient Cycling in Pastures
  • Managed Grazing in Riparian Areas
  • Protecting Riparian Areas
Soil Quality

Soil Quality. Managing Soil for Today and Tomorrow
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service
http://soils.usda.gov/sqi/

Soil quality technical notes for agronomic and rangeland production practices: documents addressing the benefits of sod-based rotations and relationships between soil biology and land management.

Healthy Soils
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
www.agr.gc.ca/pfra/land/practices_e.htm

Beneficial practices that conserve soil quality. Includes soil management practices to reduce the impacts of stress conditions, such as drought.

Building Soils for Better Crops.
Magdoff, Fred, and Harold van Es. 2000. Second Edition. SAN. Beltsville, MD.
www.sare.org/publications/bsbc/bsbc.pdf

Available from SAN for $19.95
www.sare.org/publications/index.htm
Contains detailed information about soil structure and the management practices that affect soils, as well as practical information like how to interpret soil test results.

Soil Biological Communities
Bureau of Land Management / National Sciences and Technology Center
www.blm.gov/nstc/soil/index.html

Provides a detailed and illustrated description of the soil food web and roles played by various microorganisms in the soil.

Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health. Rangeland health indicators.
Pellant, Mike, Patrick Shaver, David A. Pyke, and Jeffrey E. Herrick. 2000. Version 3. 1734-6. United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Science and Technology Center, Information and Communications Group. Denver, CO. 111 p. www.or.blm.gov:80/Vale/Range/InterpretingIndicatorsofRangeHealthTechReference1734-6%202000.pdf

Indicators for monitoring the soil and forage health of rangelands. Includes erosion indicators, soil compaction, plant diversity, plant litter over soil surface, invasive plants, and plant productivity.

Soil Management for Water Conservation

Organic Crop Production: Soil Conservation Practices
Agriculture, Food and Rural Revitalization. Saskatchewan, Canada. 1996.
www.agr.gov.sk.ca/docs/organics/research/organicsoil.asp

Describes use of conservation tillage practices, extended crop rotations, wind barriers, and green manure crops as methods for protecting soil against erosion, increasing soil water-holding capacity, and enhancing soil health.

Technologies affecting soil water. Chapter VIII- Water-Related Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture in U.S. Arid/Semiarid Lands
Office of Technology Assessment. OTA-F-212. Washington D.C. October 1983.
www.princeton.edu/~ota/disk3/1983/8331/833110.PDF

Discusses soil types in arid regions, mulching, conservation tillage, development of saline seeps, irrigation, and leaching practices.

Soil and Water Conservation in Semi-Arid Areas
Hudson, Nornan. W. 1987. Silsoe Associates, Ampthill, Bedford, United Kingdom. FAO Land and Water Development Division. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome
www.fao.org/docrep/T0321E/t0321e00.htm

Describes and illustrates methods of soil and water conservation appropriate for arid areas. Oriented towards practices in tropical areas of lesser-developed countries. However, principles are applicable to small-scale agricultural practices in the U.S.

Managing Soils to Achieve Greater Water Use Efficiency: A Review
Hatfield, Jerry L., Thomas J. Sauer, and John H. Prueger. 2001. Agronomy Journal. Volume 93. No. 2. p. 271-280.
http://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/13003/PDF

Addresses methods for increasing water use efficiency through tillage, the adoption of more intensive cropping systems in semiarid environments, increased plant populations in more temperate and humid environments, and by modifying nutrient management practices.

Cover Crops and Cover Cropping Practices

Managing Cover Crops Profitably
Sustainable Agriculture Network. 2 nd Edition. 1998. SAN. Beltsville, MD.
www.sare.org/publications/covercrops/covercrops.pdf

Also available from SAN for $19.
www.sare.org/publications/index.htm
Describes 20 cover crops, their use, planting range, and management.

Summer Cover Crops
Cramer, N.G. 1999. North Carolina State University.
Horticulture Information Leaflets.
www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/hil/hil-37.html

Describes use of cover crop crops in vegetable production systems and benefits they provide to enhancing soil organic matter, decreasing erosion, reducing weed growth, and facilitating nutrient recycling.

Cover Crops for Vegetable Growers
Marr, Charles W., Rhonda Janke, and Paul Conway. 1998.
Commercial Vegetable Production. Kentucky State University.
www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/hort2/MF2343.PDF

A detailed production and management guide to the selection and use of cover crops for soil and fertility management in organic vegetable production systems.

Selecting the Right Cover Crop Gives Multiple Benefits
Ingels, Chuck A., Mark Van Horn, Robert L. Bugg, and P. Rick Miller. 1994. California Agriculture. Vol. 48, No. 5. p. 43-48.
http://californiaagriculture.ucanr.org/landingpage.cfm?article=ca.v048n05p43&fulltext=yes

Describes benefits of cover crop in nutrient cycling and pest management but warns that cover crops can compete with the main crop for soil water. Discusses how to choose appropriate cover crops for cropping system.

Cover Crops in Agriculture: An Old New Concept
USDA Agricultural Research Service. Sustainable Agricultural Systems.
www.ba.ars.usda.gov/sasl/research/covercrops.html

Describe nutrient management and weed suppression benefits of cover crops and discusses methods for managing and terminating the growth of cover crops for use with minimum tillage practices. Also describes common cover crops and how to choose species appropriate for your production practices.

UC SAREP Cover Crops Resource Page
University of California. Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program.
www.sarep.ucdavis.edu/covercrop/res

Includes a searchable cover crop database and two cover cropping slide shows, one on cover cropping in vineyards and orchards and the other on cover cropping in row and filed crop systems.

Conservation Tillage

Crop Residue Management
Conservation Tillage Information Center. Purdue University.
www.ctic.purdue.edu/Core4/Conservation%20Tillage/

List of publications, contacts, and other resources on conservation tillage methods and crop residue management

Tillage Techniques that can Save Moisture
Franzen, Dave. 1997. Drought Strategies. DS-4-97.
North Dakota State University Extension Service. Fargo, ND.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/ds-4-97.htm

Impact of different tillage methods on amount of moisture lost to evaporation.

Conservation Tillage Offers New Hope
DeQuattro, Jim. 1997. Sustaining agriculture in drought years.
Agricultural Research. January 1997. p. 4-9.
www.ars.usda.gov/is/ar/archive/jan97/sustain.pdf

Profiles Texas farmers who maintained crop yields during droughts by implementing conservation tillage practices.

Reduced Tillage Systems for Arizona Cotton Growers
Coates, Wayne E., and Gary W. Thacker. 1996. The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension Service. Tucson, AZ.
www.ag.arizona.edu/crops/equipment/reducedtillage.html

Uprooter-shredder-mulcher and stalk puller conservation tillage practices were compared to conventional tillage practices. The alternative methods conserved energy and soil resources while producing similar cotton yields to the conventional method.

Zero-Till Shines in Drought
Lenssen, Andy, Bill Grey, Sue Blodgett, and Greg Johnson. 2003. University News for Montana State University. Bozeman, MT.
www.montana.edu/cpa/news/nwview.php?article=758

Studies conducted on dryland wheat cropping systems determined that diverse crop rotations can improve spring wheat yield and quality, while a combination of diverse crop rotations and zero-tillage can help manage weeds and diseases and leave sufficient after-harvest residue to protect the soil from wind and water erosion.

Proceedings of AERO's Soil-Building Cropping Systems
Hilander, Sally K. (ed.). 1989. Alternative Energy Resources Organization.
Lewistown, MT. 55 p.

Short presentations on conservation tillage, crop residue management, alternatives to summer fallow, and moisture capture and conservation practices applicable to the arid northern and western states.

Alternatives to Summer Fallow

Making the Most of Limited Water
Brandt, S.A., B.G.M. Conkey, and H.W. Cutforth. 1998. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Saskatchewan Soil Conservation Association.
http://texaseden.org/disaster-resources/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/resource_guide.pdf

Recommends leaving stubble on soil surface to catch and retain snowfall and enhance water infiltration. Also notes that proper fertilization of crops increases water use efficiency.

Water Use in a Modified Summer Fallow System on Semiarid Northern Great Plains
Aase, J.K., J.R. Pikul., and L. Joseph. Agricultural Research Service. Tektran.
www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=97744

A comparison of various forage, bean, and oilseed crops indicated that annual forages had the highest water use efficiency while, sunflower and safflower had the lowest.

Soil Water Storage in Dryland Cropping Systems: The significance of cropping intensification
Farahani, H.J., G.A. Peterson, D.G. Westfall, L.A. Sherrod, and L.R. Ahuja. 1998. Soil Science Society of America Journal. Vol. 62. p. 984-991.

Research showed that growing corn or sorghum during the summer increased water use efficiency over summer fallow practices in winter wheat production systems.

Dryland Cropping Intensification: A fundamental solution to efficient use of precipitation
Farahani, H.J., G.A. Peterson, D.G. Westfall. 1998. Advances in Agronomy. Vol. 64. p. 197-223.

Detailed discussion of the impact of substituting summer produced crops for summer fallows on soil moisture and efficiency of water use.

Water-Use Efficient and Drought-Tolerant Crops

Water-Use Efficiency of Canola in Victoria
Grey, D. n.d. Agriculture Victoria, Rutherglen.
www.csu.edu.au/special/agronomy/papers/181/181.html

Alternative Crops during a Drought
North Dakota State University.
www.ag.ndsu.edu/disaster/drought/altcropsduringadrought.html

Meeting forage and grain needs in an emergency.

Sunflower: An efficient water user
National Sunflower Association.
www.sunflowernsa.com/magazine/archive_details.asp?Cat=11

Drought Planning and Management
Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources
University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service
www.uwyo.edu/ces/

Links to information about sorghum, Sudan grass, and foxtail millet as water use efficient forages

Low Water-Use and Drought-Tolerant Plants
University of Arizona
http://ag.arizona.edu/pubs/garden/mg/irrigation/requirements.html

Coping with Watering Restrictions in the Landscape
Wade, Gary L. University of Georgia College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences Cooperative Extension Service
http://pubs.caes.uga.edu/caespubs/horticulture/Drought.html

Low Water Use Plants for Kansas Landscapes
Kansas State University
www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/hort2/mf2067.pdf

List of Drought Tolerant Annuals
University of Maryland
http://ipmnet.umd.edu/landscape/docs/drought.pdf

List of Drought Tolerant Plants
University of Massachusetts
www.umassgreeninfo.org/fact_sheets/plant_culture/drought_tolerant_plants.pdf

Drought Tolerant Plants for North Carolina Landscapes
Powell, M.A., and T.M. Disy. 1996. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, AG 508-3.
www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/publicat/wqwm/ag508_3/

Drought Tolerant Plants of the Pacific Northwest
www.savingwater.org/outside_garden.htm

Planting and Drought

Dry Spring Conditions, Considerations before Deciding to Replant
Ransom, Joel K. 2003. DS-6-97. Drought Strategies. North Dakota State University Extension Service. Fargo, ND.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/ds-6-97.htm

Dry Seedbeds Require Special Tactics, or Rain
Berglund, Duane. 2003. Drought Strategies.
North Dakota State University Extension Service. Fargo, ND.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/planting.htm

Soil Management following Drought
New South Wales, Australia AgNote.
www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0012/104007/soil-management-following-drought.pdf

Fertilization, tillage, and pasture management to protect soils and enhance their productivity during and after drought conditions.

Pest Management & Drought

Water Conservation, Weed Control Go Hand in Hand
Parker, Robert. 2003. Drought Advisory. EM4856. Washington State University Cooperative Extension. Pullman, WA.
http://cru.cahe.wsu.edu/CEPublications/em4856/em4856.pdf

Stresses impact of water competition by weeds on crop growth. Notes that pre-plant herbicides require moisture to be taken up by weeds and be effective in their action.

Drought—When Weeds Can Become Friends
Zollinger, Richard. 2003. DS-20-97. Drought Strategies. North Dakota State University Extension Service. Fargo, ND.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/ds-20-97.htm

Describes how weeds can be beneficial as an alternative forage and as a cover crop during times of drought.

Grasshopper Management under Drought Conditions
North Dakota State University Extension Service. Department of Entomology. 2003. DS-1-97. Fargo. ND.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/ds-1-97.htm

Horticultural Crops & Drought

Drought Management for Horticultural Crops
Stein, Larry A. 1996. Aggie-Horticulture. Texas A & M University. College Station, TX.
http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/plantanswers/drought/cropmgmt.html

Drought Advisory for Vegetable Crops
Sorensen, Erik J. 2001. EM4830. Washington State University Cooperative Extension. Pullman, WA.
www.ces.ncsu.edu/disaster/drought/old/dro-13.html

Drought Advisory for Vegetable Production
Kee, Ed, Wilton Cook, Darbie Granberry, Herman Hohlt, and Doug Sanders. 1994. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
www.ces.ncsu.edu/disaster/drought/dro-13.html

Offsetting Drought for Small-Scale Vegetable Production
Niedziela Jr., Carl E., Robert O. Evans, Douglas C. Sanders, and Wilfred R. Jester. 1994. AG-519-4. DRO-16. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service. Raleigh, NC.
www.ces.ncsu.edu/disaster/drought/dro-16.html

Drought Management for Horticultural Crops
Aggie-Horticulture. Texas A & M University. College Station, TX.
http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/commercial/drought/

Drought Effects on Apple Trees
Miller, Diane. 1999. Ohio Fruit ICM News. Volume 3 No. 27. p. 3-7.
www.ag.ohio-state.edu/~ipm/fruit/icm27.htm#linkg

Strawberry Renovation in a Drought
Demchak, Kathy. 1999. Ohio Fruit ICM News. Vol. 3, No. 27. p. 3.
http://ipm.osu.edu/fruit/icm27.htm#linke

Texas SmartScape
www.txsmartscape.com/index_alt.asp

An interactive how-to guide for low-water landscaping. Also available as a CD.

Backyard Gardener. Drought Tolerant Plants
www.backyardgardener.com/dry/

Back to top

Pasture Health and Drought Protection

Pasture Health and Drought Protection Power Point Presentation
[PDF/1.4MB]

Rotational grazing practices and forage management to protect pasture resources prior to, during, and following a drought.

Illustration Credits

Slide Title

Photo courtesy of:

Cover

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Management Flexibility

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Forage Species for Dry Areas

The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK

Drought-Resistant Grasses

USDA Photography Center

Drought-Resistant Legumes

The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK

Drought-Tolerant Fodder

The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK

Manage Grazing Land to Resist Drought

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Management Intensive Grazing

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Benefits to Land and Forage

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Benefits to Animal Health

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Key Management Practices

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Rotation Length Affects Soil

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Rotation Length Affects Plant Growth

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Management of Perennial Forages

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Management of Annual Forages

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Stubble Height as Rotation Tool

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Managing Stocking Rate

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Overstocking Problems

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Pastures Vulnerable to Grazing

University of Missouri Extension and Outreach

Riparian Areas are Vulnerable to Grazing

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Vulnerable Area Protection

USDA Photography Center

Match Livestock with Land

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Breed for Drought Resistance

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Breeding Affects Water Needs

USDA Photography Center

Integrating Crops and Livestock

USDA Agriculture Research Service Image Gallery

Summary

NRCS Image Library

Resource Guide

ATTRA Publications

Pasture Soil Management

  • Sustainable Pasture Management
  • Assessing the Pasture Soil Resource
  • Nutrient Cycling in Pastures
  • A Brief Overview of Nutrient Cycling in Pastures
  • Managed Grazing in Riparian Areas
  • Protecting Riparian Areas

Rotational Grazing

  • Rotational Grazing
  • Matching Livestock and Forage Resources in Rotation Grazing
  • Paddock Design and Fencing-Water Systems in Rotational Grazing
  • Multispecies Grazing
  • Grazing Networks
Healthy Pasture Management

Ideas to Drought Proof your Grazing Land
McCartney, Duane. 2003. Western Forage/Beef Group.
www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/newslett.nsf/pdf/wfbg2548/$file/news7-1.pdf?OpenElement

Use of sealed dugout holes for capturing snow melt water, residue management in pastures to conserve water, and avoiding early grazing to promote healthy root growth of forages.

Drought Facts, Drought, Drought Mitigation, and Drought Preparedness
Ojos Negros Research Group. 021104. Ojos Negros Research Group. California.
http://facets.sdsu.edu/three_issues_droughtfacts04.html

Information on drought mitigation, including soil and water conservation and herd management during a drought.

Rangelands West
www.rangelandswest.org/

Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative
www.glci.org/

University of Minnesota Grazing Systems Planning Guide
www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/livestocksystems/components/DI7606.pdf

University of  Wisconsin
www.uwrf.edu/grazing/

Missouri Forage Systems Research Center
http://aes.missouri.edu/fsrc/research/index.stm

North Dakota Grassland Range reports
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/dickinso/grassland/rangrpt.htm

Back to top

Irrigation

Irrigation Power Point Presentation [PDF/1.9MB]

Sustainable irrigation practices and methods for protecting soil and water quality when using irrigation.

Illustration Credits

Slide Title

Photo courtesy of:

Illustrations on all slides

USDA NRCS Soil Quality Information Sheets

Resource Guide

Irrigation Guides

Best Management Practices for Irrigation Management
Waskom, Reagan M. 1994. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. Ft. Collins, CO.
http://npscolorado.com/xcm173.pdf

NRCS Irrigation Page
USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service/National Water and Climate Center
http://go.usa.gov/Kow

Soil Water Monitoring and Measurement
Ley, Thomas W., Robert G. Stevens, Richard R. Topielec, and W. Howard Neibling. 1994. Washington State University Cooperative Extension; Oregon State University Extension Service; the University of Idaho Cooperative Extension System, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. PNW 475 A Pacific Northwest Publication.
http://irrigation.wsu.edu/Secondary_Pages/Irr_Resources/Res_Fact_Sheets.php

A Ready Reference for Irrigation Manual of Practice
Ronald E. Hermanson, and Peter Canessa. 1995. Washington State University Cooperative Extension. EB1810. Pullman, WA.
http://cru.cahe.wsu.edu/CEPublications/eb1810/eb1810.html

Irrigation Scheduling Checkbook Method
Wright, Jerry. 2002. University of Minnesota.
www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/cropsystems/DC1322.html

Description of and examples for use of the checkbook method for scheduling irrigation.

Watertight
Center for Irrigation Technology and Advanced Technology Information Network
California Agriculture Technology Institute. California State University, Fresno, CA
www.wateright.org/

An education and irrigation scheduling resource for water managers.

Determining a Framework, Terms and Definitions for Water Use Efficiency in Irrigation
Barrett Purcell and Associates Pty Ltd. 1999. Land and Water Resources Research Corporation. Narrabri, NSW, Australia.
http://lwa.gov.au/files/products/national-program-sustainable-irrigation/pr990305/pr990305.pdf

Irrigation Scheduling: Using Water-Use Tables
Ashley, Roger O., William H. Neibling, and Bradley A. King. Bulletin CIS 1029. University of Idaho Cooperative Extension Service, Moscow, ID. www.cals.uidaho.edu/edcomm/pdf/CIS/CIS1039.pdf

Soil, Water, and Crop Characteristics Important to Irrigation Scheduling
Evans, Robert, D. K. Cassel, and R. E. Sneed. 1996. Publication No. AG 452-1. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension, Raleigh, NC.
www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/evans/ag452-1.html

Simple Irrigation Scheduling Using the Look and Feel Method
Niederholzer, F., and L. Long. 1998. Simple Irrigation Scheduling Using the Look and Feel Method. Extension Service, Oregon State University. Corvallis, OR.
http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/pdf/em/em8716.pdf

Micro-Irrigation Scheduling and Management
Zoldoske, David F., and Kenneth H. Solomon. 1990.
Center for Irrigation Technology. University of California. Fresno, CA.
http://cit.cati.csufresno.edu/research_publications/90/900606/index.html

Introduction to Micro-Irrigation.
Hla, Aung K., and Thomas F. Scherer, 1995. North Dakota State University Extension Service.
www.ext.nodak.edu/extpubs/ageng/irrigate/ae1243w.htm

Water Use Policy and Conflict Resolution

Western Water Laws
http://www.westernwaterlaw.com/

Water Wars: Water Allocation Law—Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin
http://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/UF/00/09/92/89/00001/FE20800.pdf

History of water allocation disputes in Florida and a discussion of methods used to address interstate water disputes.

Dividing the Waters: Water Marketing as a Conflict Resolution Strategy
http://www.tamu.edu/faculty/rakwater/research/edwards-marketing.pdf

A technical paper describing a water use conflict in Texas and how water marketing was used as a dispute resolution strategy.

Rangelands West
http://rangelandswest.arid.arizona.edu/rangelandswest/

Rangeland policy issues including conflict resolution strategies.

Morris K. Udall – U.S Institute for Environmental Conflict Resolution
www.ecr.gov/

Services and training in environmental conflict resolution.

The Quivera Coalition
www.quiviracoalition.org/

A sustainable ranching program involved in facilitating discussions between farmers, researchers, and environmentalists regarding land and water use in the Western U.S.

The Sustainable Rangelands Roundtable
Colorado State University
http://sustainablerangelands.org/

A stakeholder discussion process that uses indicators to monitor forest and range conditions and recommend land use practices and policies.

Drought Mitigation—What states have tried
http://texaseden.org/disaster-resources/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/resource_guide.pdf

A compilation of land management practices, conflict resolution techniques, legislation, and education programs used by states to address issues associated with droughts and water use conflicts.

Irrigation and Water Quantity

Irrigating for Maximum Economic Return with Limited Water
Schneekloth, Joel P, Nancy A. Norton, Richard T. Clark, and Norman L. Klocke. 2001. Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service, Lincoln, NE.
http://ianrpubs.unl.edu/water/g1422.htm

Sustainable Irrigation Project
Vossen, Paul. University of California Cooperative Extension.
http://cesonoma.ucdavis.edu/files/27168.pdf

Linking Drought and Long-term Water Scarcity to Food Security in the Four Corners States: A Food Policy Paper
Nabhan, Gary,and Naima Taylor. 2004. Center for Sustainable Environments at Northern Arizona University.
www.environment.nau.edu/food/DroughtandFoodSecurity/WaterScarcityPolicyPaper.pdf

Priority List of Irrigation Research
The Irrigation Association. 2000. Kansas State University Research and Extension.
www.oznet.ksu.edu/sdi/News/ResearchPriorities.htm

Irrigation Water Quality

Environmental Impact of Irrigation: A Review.
Stockle, Claudio O. 2001. Washington Water Research Center. Washington State University.
www.swwrc.wsu.edu/newsletter/fall2001/IrrImpact2.pdf

Irrigation Water Quality Criteria.
T.A. Bauder, T.A., G.E. Cardon, R.M. Waskom, and J.G. Davis. 2004. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension No. 0.506
www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/crops/00506.html

Classification of Irrigation of Water Quality
Johnson, Gordon, and Hailin Zhang. Okalahoma Cooperative Extension Service.
www.soiltesting.okstate.edu/Extn_Pub/F-2401web.pdf

Water Quality Criteria for Irrigation
Hoffman, Glenn J. 1997. University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service.
http://ianrpubs.unl.edu/irrigation/ec782.htm

Irrigation Water Quality Standards and Salinity Management Strategies
Fipps, Guy. Texas Cooperative Extension. Texas A&M University.
http://soiltesting.tamu.edu/publications/B-1667.pdf

Irrigation Water Quality: Critical Salt Levels for Peanuts, Cotton, Corn and Grain Sorghum.
McFarland, Mark L., Robert G. Lemon, and Charles L. Strickler.
Texas Agricultural Extension Service. Texas A&M University
http://lubbock.tamu.edu/?s=Irrigation+Water+Quality%3A+Critical+Salt+Levels

Irrigation Water Quality Fertilizer Guide
Vomocil, J.A., and J. Hart. 1998.
http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/pdf/fg/fg76-e.pdf

Water Salinity and Crop Yield
Hill, Robert, and Richard T. Koenig. 1999. Utah Water Quality.
Utah State University Extension. AG-425.3
http://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/publication/AG-425_3.pdf

Subsurface Drip Irrigation Systems (SDI) Water Quality Assessment Guidelines
Rogers, Danny H., Freddie R. Lamm, and Mahbub Alam. 2003. Irrigation Management Series. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service.
www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/ageng2/mf2575.pdf

Irrigation Runoff Control Strategies
Hansen, H., and W. Trimmer. 1997. A Pacific Northwest Extension Publication. PNW 287, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.
http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1957/15999/pnw287.pdf;jsessionid=D1FE4C8B7226830815048C95B5A2AACE?sequence=1

Water Harvesting

Keyline Plan
Yeomans, P.A. 1954. Waite and Bull, Sydney, Australia.
www.soilandhealth.org/01aglibrary/010125yeomans/010125toc.html

A classic treatise on water harvesting including descriptions and illustrations of landscape or watershed-based water harvesting systems.

Rainwater Harvesting Systems for Montana
Rupp, Gretchen. 1997. Montana State University. Bozeman, MT.

Rooftop rainwater harvesting methods with calculations for amounts of water that can be harvested.

The Web of Rain
Srinivas, Hari. 2003.
www.gdrc.org/uem/water/rainwater/introduction.html

An introduction to rainwater harvesting.

Texas Guide to Rainwater Harvesting
Todd, Wendy Price, and Gail Vittori. 1997. Second Edition. Texas Water Development Board, in Cooperation with the Center for Maximum Potential Building Systems. Austin, TX.
www.twdb.state.tx.us/publications/reports/RainwaterHarvestingManual_3rdedition.pdf

Detailed description of methods for harvesting rainwater, calculating amounts that can be harvested based on location and rainfall and lists of companies selling rainwater collection equipment.

Back to top

Pasture and Rangeland Management During Drought

Pasture and Rangeland Management during Drought Power Point Presentation [PDF/1.6MB]

Supplement feeding practices, toxic plants, toxic syndromes associated with drought, animal management and selective culling to reduce stress on land resources.

Illustration Credits

Slide Title

Photo courtesy of:

Cover

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Drought Preparation

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Forages and Drought

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Animal Nutrition and Drought

USDA Photography Center

Protein Supplements

USDA Photography Center

Energy Supplements

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Hay as a Feed Supplement

Jim and Elly Fink, Northeast Iowa Specialty Meats,
www.iowa-natural-meats.com

Lot Feeding

USDA Photography Center

Grazing on Toxic Plants

The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK

Toxicity of Toxic Plants

The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, OK

Management of Toxic Plant Feeding

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Supplements and Toxic Plants

USDA Agriculture Research Service Image Gallery

Vitamin Deficiencies

USDA Agriculture Research Service Image Gallery

Mineral Deficiencies

USDA Photography Center

Nitrate Poisoning

USDA Photography Center

Risk Conditions for Prussic Acid Poisoning

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Prevention of Aflatoxin Poisoning

Douglas J. Jardine, Kansas State University

Herd Management Decisions

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Cow Management During Drought

Robert Clowdis, Virginia Charolois Association

Reduce Herd Size

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Sell Livestock Early

Amarillo Convention and Visitor Council, Amarillo, Texas

Sell Livestock Selectively

USDA Photography Center

Summary

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Resource Guide

Rangeland Management During Drought

Animal Response to Drought. Drought Management on Range and Pastureland.

Reece, Patrick E., Jack D. Alexander III, and James R. Johnson. 1991. A handbook for Nebraska and South Dakota. EC 91-123. Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service. Lincoln, NE.
http://wrac.sdstate.edu/pubs/range/ec91-123.pdf

Detailed discussion of forage response to drought, feed supplements, toxicity concerns, and management planning options.

Managing Small Acreage Pastures During and After Drought
Warren, L.K., and P. Aravis. 2003. No. 6.112. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. Fort Collins, CO.
www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/natres/06112.html

Rotational grazing practices during droughts.

Drought and Its Relationship to Dynamics of Primary Productivity and Production of Grazing Animals
Cook, C. Wayne. 2003. College of Natural Resources, Colorado State University.
www.fao.org/wairdocs/ilri/x5543b/x5543b0l.htm

Discusses the need to build flexibility into operations in order to survive the effects of high variability in forage production from year to year due to drought and other historical factors.

Tips for Dealing with Drought on Range – Montana
Lacey, John. n. d. CL1110. Ag Communications, University of Idaho. Moscow, ID.
http://drought.wsu.edu/1100/1110.PDF

Grazing Management During and After Extended Drought
Mosley, Jeff. 2001. Montana State University Communication Services.
www.co.yellowstone.mt.gov/extension/ag/pubs/droughtgraze.pdf

Beef and Cattle Drought Management and Water Use
Montana State University. Animal and Range Sciences Extension Service.
http://animalrangeextension.montana.edu/Articles/Beef/Main-Drought.htm

Links to publications addressing grazing management, nutrition during drought, and water quality criteria for livestock.

Market Journal – Feed and Forage
Agricultural Risk Management & Marketing Information from the University of Nebraska Cooperative Extension and the Institute of Agriculture & Natural Resources.
http://marketjournal.unl.edu/byTopic/Feed2.shtml

Audio and video presentations of discussions on beef management strategies, feeding alternatives, range management practices, culling, and drought pasture leases.

Dry Times: Managing Through a Drought
Quivera Coalition. New Mexico.
http://quiviracoalition.org/images/pdfs/231-Newsletter_12.pdf

Financial management in advance of and during a drought, also range management practices focusing on forage and ranges assessments and stocking rates.

Planning for Beef Cattle Operations in the Face of Drought
University of Nebraska. Lincoln, NE.
http://agecon.unl.edu/pub/cornhusker/7-24-02.pdf

Ration formulation, alternative feeds, financial assistance, and tax assessments for losses due to drought.

Coping with Drought
North Dakota State University.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/drought.htm

Several short information sheets on crop and livestock management techniques during drought conditions. Includes information on alternative livestock feed options, planting when rains are delayed, grasshopper control, and forage poisoning concerns during dry conditions.

Herd Management during a Drought – South Carolina
Hupp, H.P., and P.J. Rathwell. 1998. MMM 369. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service.
http://cherokee.agecon.clemson.edu/mmm369.htm

Recommendations for reducing herd size, treating for parasites, and providing segregated feeding for different groups of animals during drought conditions.

Drought, Water, Forages and Cattle
Wroe, Bob. 2002. Alberta Agriculture Food and Rural Development.
www.agric.gov.ab.ca/agdisaster/0106j.html

Recommendations for rangeland and forage management during droughts. Also includes informative checksheets for ranchers to use management fields and herds during dry conditions.

Drought Watch
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
www.agr.gc.ca/pfra/drought/index_e.htm

Management practices for crops, livestock, pastures, and water during droughts; includes information on managing wells, increasing water inflow through snow trapping and zero tillage, and reducing evaporation through windbreaks and covers. Also includes recommendations for grain feeding to supplement grass during drought.

Drought Strategies for the Livestock Producer
New South Wales ( Australia) Department of Primary Industries/Agriculture.
www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/agriculture/emergency/drought/planning/strategies/drought-strategies-livestock-producer

Guidelines for managing livestock during droughts including financial decision making, strategic planning for culling, selling, or contract pasturing animals. Includes links to publications on animal health, water requirements, and livestock feeding during drought. Primarily for Australian ranchers but contains excellent information also applicable to U.S. farmers. Good documents on sheep management during drought.

Herd Nutrition and Productivity During Drought

Maintaining Herd Productivity During Drought
Gimenez Jr., Diego M. n. d. Alabama Cooperative Extension System.
Auburn University, AL.
www.aragriculture.org/disaster/droughts/maint_herd_productivity.pdf

Management of environmental stress, health, and nutrition during drought

Planning for Beef Cattle Operations in the Face of Drought
Clark, Richard T., and Don C. Adams. 2002. Cornhusker Economics. University of Nebraska. Lincoln, NE.
http://agecon.unl.edu/pub/cornhusker/7-24-02.pdf

Ration formulation, alternative feeds, financial assistance, and tax assessments for losses due to drought.

Alternative Feeds for Cattle during a Drought
LeValley, R. Baird. 2003. No. 1.626. Colorado State University Cooperative Extension. Fort Collins, CO.
www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/livestk/01626.html

Use of grain and hay supplements during times of drought, methods for protecting against nitrate and prussic acid poisoning.

Drought Planning and Management
Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources

University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service. Laramie, WY.
www.wyorange.net/

Includes publications on drought-related farm management practices, drought resistant forages, supplemental feeding, toxicity, culling, and financial aid programs.

Drought Strategies for Beef Producers:
Part II: Supplementing Cattle on Drought-Affected Pastures and Ranges

Paterson, John, Rick Funston, Ron Carlstrom, and Greg Lardy. 2000. Montana State University Communications Service.
www.montana.edu/cpa/news/wwwpb-archives/ag/drought2.html

Feed supplementation, water access, management strategies.

Limit Feeding Concentrate Diets to Cows
Lalman, David. 1998. Oklahoma State University. Stillwater, OK.
www.okstate.edu/OSU_Ag/oces/timely/feeding.htm

A feeding method for times when hay and forage availability is low due to drought. Objective is to feed corn or other concentrate energy source in quantities just sufficient to meet animal's requirements for target level of maintenance.

Salvaging Drought-StressedCrops
North Dakota State University Extension Service. Fargo, ND.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/salvage.htm

Stresses testing drought-stressed forages to determine nutritional value and for potential toxic properties.

Post Drought Management / Managing Post-Drought the E-Z Way
Hughes, Harlan. 2003 Beef Magazine.
http://beef-mag.com/mag/beef_postdrought_management_part/
http://beef-mag.com/mag/beef_managing_postdrought_ezway/

Financial management decisions regarding rebuilding pasture resources and herd size following a drought.

Animal Health and Drought

BEHAVE : Behavioral Education for Human, Animal, Vegetation, and Ecosystem Management
Utah State University, The University of Idaho, Montana State University, NWRC, The University of Arizona.
www.behave.net/

Excellent research and management information on factors affecting animal grazing practices. How to manage animals to decrease impacts of plant toxicity.

Animal Response to Drought
University of Nebraska.
www.scottsbluff.unl.edu/animalresponsetodrought.htm

Feed supplementation and toxicity concerns.

Drought Related Toxicosis in Cattle
Galey, Francis D. 1993. No. 92-08. University of California. Oakland, CA.
http://ucanr.edu/files/47957.pdf

Nitrate poisoning, toxic plants, poor water quality.

Mycotoxins in Feed Grains and Ingredients.
Herrman, Tim, and Dionisia Trigo-Stockli. 2002. MF-2061. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service. Manhattan, KS.
http://www.ksre.ksu.edu/library/grsci2/mf2061.pdf

Afloxin poisoning. Description, causes, and prevention.

Understanding and Coping with Effects of Mycotoxins in Livestock Feed and Forage
Jones, Frank T., Mary Beth Center, Winston M. Hagler, Jeff A. Hansen, Bob A. Mowrey, Matt H. Poore, and Lon W. Whitlow. 1994. DRO-29. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension Service. Raleigh, NC.
www.ces.ncsu.edu/disaster/drought/Understanding_mycotoxins.pdf

Mycotoxins in Feeds
Whitlow, L. W., and W. M. Hagler Jr. 2002. Feedstuffs Newspaper. July. p. 1-10.
www.cals.ncsu.edu/an_sci/extension/dairy/mycoto~1.pdf

Detailed information on aflotoxin and other mycotoxins.

Nitrate, Prussic Acid (HCN) and Grass Tetany Problems in Cattle Feeding
Harris, Barney, and Jan K. Shearer. 1985. DS162.
University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Gainesville, FL.
http://ufdcimages.uflib.ufl.edu/UF/00/08/91/05/00001/DS16200.pdf

Drought Conditions Conducive to Nitrate Accumulation
Rankins, Dr. Darrell. n. d. University of Alabama Cooperative Extension System. Auburn University, AL.
http://purduephil.wordpress.com/2011/08/22/drought-conditions-conducive-to-nitrate-accumulation/

Nitrate Toxicity of Montana Forages
Cash, Dennis, Rick Funston, Marc King, and Dave Wichman. 2002. MT200205 AG. C-12. Montana State University Extension Service. Bozeman, MT.
http://animalrangeextension.montana.edu/articles/forage/annual/nit%20tox%20mt%20for%20mt200205.pdf

Prussic Acid Poisoning of Livestock. Causes and Prevention
Vough, Lester R., and E. Kim Cassel. 2002. ExEx 4016. South Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service. Brookings, SD.
http://agbiopubs.sdstate.edu/articles/ExEx4016.pdf

Poisonous Plants

Reducing Livestock Loss from Poisonous Plants through Grazing Management
Taylor, C.A., Jr., and M.H. Ralphs. 1992. Journal of Range Management. Vol. 45. No. 1. p. 9-12.
http://jrm.library.arizona.edu/data/1992/451/1pfis.pdf

This volume contains several articles from a symposium on the ingestion of poisonous plants by livestock.

Reducing Livestock Losses from Poisonous Plants through Grazing Management. Poisonous Plants Information Database. Cornell University.
www.ansci.cornell.edu/plants/

Poisonous Plants and other Plant Toxins
University of Maryland Small Ruminant Page.
www.sheepandgoat.com/poison.html

Does Drought Contribute to Livestock Losses from Poisonous Plants?
Frost, Rachel. n. d. University of Idaho. Moscow, ID.
www.cnr.uidaho.edu/range556/Appl_BEHAVE/projects/drought.html

Poisoning of Livestock by Plants
Robinson, S. E. 2002. 87-016. Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Ontario, Canada.
www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/livestock/dairy/facts/87-016.htm

Back to top

Water Management, Heat Stress, and Drought

Water, Heat Stress, and Drought Power Point Presentation
[PDF/1.2MB]

Animal water needs, water quality concerns, relationships between water quality, feed quality, and water consumption. Factors affecting heat stress and practices for minimizing it.

Illustration Credits

Slide Title

Photo courtesy of:

Cover

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Livestock Water Use Criteria

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Livestock Daily Water Needs

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Goats, Sheep and Water

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Water Use by Young Animals

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Ensure Animals have Water

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Distance to Water

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Water Trapping/Collection

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Livestock Need Clean Water

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Drinking Water Contamination

Photo courtesy of USDA NRCS

Salt Increases Water Use

Ken Ziegler, http://Foragebeef.ca

Salt Tolerance

USDA Agriculture Research Service Image Gallery

Toxic Blue-green Algae

John Burns (Cyanolab), Mark Schnegurt (Wichita State University) and Cyanosite
(http://www-cyanosite.bio.purdue.edu)

Drought and Riparian Areas

Photo courtesy of USDA NRCS

Riparian Degredation

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Healthy Riparian Areas

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Keep Riparian Areas Healthy

Photo courtesy of USDA NRCS

Causes of Heat Stress

Gly Jones, Executive Producer, TVNZ Interactive, New Zealand

Heat Stress Concerns

USDA Photography Center

Keep Animals Cool

USDA Photography Center

Heat Stress Management

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Summary

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service

Resource Guide

Livestock Water Needs

Livestock Water Needs
Clemson University
www.clemson.edu/extension/ep/food_water_req.html

Table of water needs at 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit for various types of livestock.

Heat Stress

Heat Stress in Cattle
National heat stress Web page.
www.liru.asft.ttu.edu/Collab/Heat_stress/heatstress.html

Keeping animals cool during drought, including effects of feeding regimes on body temperature and heat stress.

Protecting Livestock form Heat Stress
Hupp, H. D., and P. J. Rathwell. 1998. MMM 371. Clemson University Extension Service. Clemson, SC.
http://cherokee.agecon.clemson.edu/mmm371.htm

Heat Stress and Beef Production
Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service. Clemson, SC.
http://virtual.clemson.edu/groups/psapublishing/disaster/drought/Drout2.htm

Includes heat stress index and steps to take to protect animals at under increasing heat stress.

Feedlot Heat Stress Checklist
Griffin, Dee. n. d. University of Nebraska. Lincoln, NE.
http://gpvec.unl.edu/HeatDrought/flheatsr.pdf

Conditions for heat stress and steps for developing a heat stress management plan.

Heat, Drought, and Early Weaning Links
University of Nebraska. Lincoln, NE.
http://gpvec.unl.edu/HeatDrought/HeatDroughtInformation.htm

Back to top

Drought Programs by State

Arizona Idaho Massachusettes New Jersey Oklahoma Virginia
California Indiana Minnesota New Mexico Pennsylvania Washington
Colorado Kansas Missouri New York South Carolina Wyoming
Connecticut Kentucky Montana North Carolina South Dakota  
Florida Maine Nebraska North Dakota Texas  
Georgia Maryland New Hampshire Ohio Utah  

Arizona

Water and Drought
Arizona Rangelands. University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
www.climas.arizona.edu/files/climas/pdfs/feature-articles/2007_jun_azdrought.pdf

Managing Arid and Semi-Arid Watersheds
Rocky Mountain Research Station. University of Arizona/US Forest Service. Tucson, AZ.
http://ag.arizona.edu/OALS/watershed/

Back to top

California

California Department of Water Resources – Drought Information
www.water.ca.gov/waterconditions/drought/

Drought Facts, Drought, Drought Mitigation, and Drought Preparedness
http://facets.sdsu.edu/three_issues_droughtfacts04.html

Information on drought mitigation has general applicability. Addresses soil and water conservation and herd management during a drought.

Catalogue of Irrigation Publications
University of California. Agriculture and Natural Resources. Davis, CA.
http://anrcatalog.ucdavis.edu/merchant.ihtml?id=157&step=2

Back to top

Colorado

Drought Resource Center
Colorado State University. Fort Collins, CO.
http://drought.colostate.edu/

Catalogue of Irrigation Publications
Colorado State University. Fort Collins, CO.
www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/pubs.html

ColoradoClimateCenter – Drought Resources
http://ccc.atmos.colostate.edu/drought.php

Colorado Office of Emergency Management – Drought Monitoring
wwa.colorado.edu/water_management_and_drought/planning.html

Back to top

Connecticut

State of Connecticut Drought Response
www.drought.state.ct.us/index3.htm

Back to top

Florida

Florida Emergency Management – Drought Watch
www.floridadisaster.org/EMTOOLS/florida_drought_center.htm

USGS/Water Resources of Florida – Florida Water Watch
http://fl.water.usgs.gov/

Back to top

Georgia

Drought in Georgia: Water use restrictions and climatological information
www.caes.uga.edu/topics/disasters/drought.html

Back to top

Idaho

Idaho Department of Water Resources
www.idwr.idaho.gov/

Back to top

Indiana

Agronomic Drought Stress Information
Purdue University. Lafayette, IN.
www.agry.purdue.edu/ext/ppt/rln-ylf.ppt

Back to top

Kansas

Drought Resources
Kansas State University. Manhattan, KS.
www.oznet.ksu.edu/drought/

Kansas Water Office: Governor's Drought Response Team and Drought Report
www.kwo.org/

Low Water-Use Plants for Kansas Landscapes
Kansas State University. Manhattan, KS.
www.oznet.ksu.edu/library/hort2/mf2067.pdf

Irrigation at K-State Research and Extension
Kansas State University. Manhattan, KS.
www.oznet.ksu.edu/irrigate/

Back to top

Kentucky

Kentucky and National Drought Information
http://drought.unl.edu/Planning/PlanningInfobyState/StatePlanning.aspx?st=ky

Kentucky Water Management Planning
http://kia.ky.gov/wris/wmp/plandoc.htm

Back to top

Maine

State of Maine Drought Task Force
www.maine.gov/mpuc/water/index.shtml

Back to top

Maryland

University of Maryland – Drought Resources
University of Maryland. College Park, MD.
http://psla.umd.edu/extension/forages/droughtlink.cfm

Back to top

Massachusettes

Massachusetts and Rhode Island Drought Information / USGS
http://ma.water.usgs.gov/drought/drought_index.htm

Back to top

Minnesota

University of Minnesota – Drought Information Resources
University of Minnesota. St. Paul, MN.
http://climate.umn.edu/doc/drought_2000.htm

Back to top

Missouri

Water Resources Program – Missouri Department of Natural Resources
www.dnr.mo.gov/env/wrc/

Back to top

Montana

Montana Natural Resource Information System
Water Supply and Drought Monitoring
http://nris.mt.gov/

Montana State University – Drought Links
Montana State University. Bozeman, MT.
http://animalrange.montana.edu/topics.htm

Montana Drought Monitoring
http://nris.state.mt.us/Drought/

Back to top

Nebraska

Drought Central, Nebraska's Drought Management Web site
Nebraska and federal government drought programs.
www.droughtcentral.nebraska.gov/

Nebraska's Climate Assessment Response Committee (CARC)
Drought Mitigation and Response Plan
http://carc.agr.ne.gov/

Water Management for Irrigation in Nebraska
Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service. University of Nebraska. Lincoln, NE.
http://water.unl.edu/nawmdn

Drought Information and Resources for Nebraskans
University of Nebraska. Lincoln, NE.
http://ianrhome.unl.edu/drought/

Irrigation Operations and Management
Catalogue of publications and fact sheets. University of Nebraska. Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Lincoln, NE.
http://ianrpubs.unl.edu/irrigation/

Back to top

New Hampshire

New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services
Drought Management Plan
http://des.nh.gov/organization/divisions/water/dam/drought/categories/overview.htm

Back to top

New Jersey

New Jersey Drought Information
www.njdrought.org/

Back to top

New Mexico

New Mexico Drought Planning Team
http://weather.nmsu.edu/drought/

Back to top

New York

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Drought Watch
www.dec.ny.gov/

Back to top

North Carolina

North Carolina Drought Monitoring Council
www.ncwater.org/drought/

North Carolina Drought Watch – USGS
http://nc.water.usgs.gov/drought/

North Carolina State University Drought Information Leaflets
www.ces.ncsu.edu/disaster/drought/

Catalogue of Irrigation and Water Management Publications
North Carolina State University. Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering. Raleigh, NC.
www.bae.ncsu.edu/programs/extension/evans/

Back to top

North Dakota

North Dakota State University – Coping with Drought
North Dakota State University. Fargo, ND.
www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu/drought/drought.htm

Catalogue of Irrigation Publications
North Dakota State University Cooperative Extension. Fargo, ND.
www.ext.nodak.edu/extpubs/irrigate.htm

Back to top

Ohio

Ohio State University Extension – Crop, Forage, and Livestock Information
Ohio State University. Columbus, OH.
http://beef.osu.edu/Drought07.html

Back to top

Oklahoma

Oklahoma Water Resources Board-Drought and Water Resources Monitoring
www.owrb.ok.gov/supply/drought/drought_index.php

Back to top

Pennsylvania

Penn State Drought Resources
Pennsylvania State University. College Park, PA.
http://extension.psu.edu/prepare/emergencyready/drought

Pennsylvania Dept. of Environmental Protection
Drought Information
www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/drought_information/10606

Back to top

South Carolina

South Carolina Drought Information Center
www.dnr.sc.gov/climate/sco/Drought/drought_response_program.php

Coping with Drought Information Page
Agricultural Resources Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/drought.html

Back to top

South Dakota

South Dakota Drought Information
http://drought.unl.edu/Planning/PlanningInfobyState/StatePlanning.aspx?st=sd

South Dakota State University Drought Information
South Dakota State University. Brookings, SD.
http://sdces.sdstate.edu/drought/

Back to top

Texas

Texas Water Info – Drought Resources
www.twdb.state.tx.us/DATA/drought/

Texas Drought Resource Information Packet: Environmental, social, and economic costs of droughts, processes used to declare an emergency.
www.texasagriculture.gov/vgn/tda/files/1848/36054_DRIP%2001-13-01b.pdf

Texas Natural Resources Conservation Commission – Drought Information
www.tceq.state.tx.us/

Texas A&M Drought Information Page
Texas A&M University. College Station, TX.
http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/archives/parsons/drought/drought.html

Texas Water Development Board – Drought
www.twdb.state.tx.us/apps/droughtinfo/default.aspx

Back to top

Utah

Drought Resources and Information
Utah State University. Logan, UT.
http://extension.usu.edu/drought/

Back to top

Virginia

Virginia Department of Environmental Quality – Drought Monitor
www.deq.state.va.us/Programs/Water/WaterSupplyWaterQuantity/Drought.aspx

Back to top

Washington

Catalogue of Extension Publications
Washington State University. Pullman, WA.
www.drought.wsu.edu/pubs.html

Back to top

Wyoming

Drought Planning and Management
Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources. University of Wyoming Cooperative Extension Service. Laramie, WY.
www.wrds.uwyo.edu/sco/drought/droughtplan.pdf

 


Drought Resource Guide
by Barbara Bellows
NCAT Agriculture Specialist
© NCAT 2005

 

Back to top

This page was last updated on: May 24, 2012