Last Updated January 26, 2010
Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP)
Increasing consumption of fresh and dried fruits and vegetables by U.S. schoolchildren
USDA's Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program (FFVP) aims to help combat childhood obesity by helping children learn more healthful eating habits. The FFVP has been successful in introducing school children to a variety of produce that they otherwise might not have had the opportunity to sample.
The various partnerships that USDA's Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) and state agencies have developed in the public and private sectors, as well as the dedicated work of school administrators, have contributed to the overall success and acceptance of the program.
The FFVP is consistent with and supports the recommendations of a 2007 report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to provide healthier snack choices in schools, including fruits and vegetables.
- Provides free fresh fruits and vegetables throughout the school day in elementary schools. Participating schools are required to publicize the availability of the Program to the student body.
- Teaches students about the importance of good nutrition and promotes the consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables.
- Operates nationwide in selected schools with a high proportion of low-income students.
- Provides State Agencies a specific level of funding and allows them to select schools that meet criteria based on poverty indicators.
The original FFVP started as a pilot program in 2002 in four states (25 schools each) and selected schools in one Indian Tribal Organization. It became a permanent program in limited states in 2004 and was expanded to all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands in 2008. It is administered by USDA's Food and Nutrition Service at the national level. Within participating states, FFVP is administered through state education departments except in Texas and New Jersey, where it is administered by the state agriculture departments.
Application and Financial Information
The FFVP pays $50.00 to $75.00 per student. The 2008 Farm Bill authorized funding of $40 million for Fiscal Year 2008 (FY08), $65 million for FY09, $101 million for FY10, and $150 million for FY11 and thereafter.
Eligibility, Uses, and Restrictions
The 2008 Farm Bill authorized states to select participating schools with a high proportion of low-income students (at least 50 percent free and reduced price participation). Every child in the selected school is eligible to participate. The program served 183,299 students in Fiscal Year 2007 (FY07).
National Child Nutrition Department
Contact the state agencies administering the Child Nutrition Programs for more information.