Western Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education
(SARE) Farm Internship Curriculum and Handbook
Tom and Maud Powell and Michael Moss, Sustainable Farmers, Jackson County, OR.
Technical advisor: Tim Franklin, Jacksonville, OR.
Curriculum advisor: Peter O’Connell, Jacksonville, OR.
Web advisor: National Center for Appropriate Technology, Butte, MT.
Direct Seeding – Field Exercise
First, Discuss what Crops to Direct Seed and Why
- Preparation of bed
- Incorporation of green manure crop (discuss)
- Subsoiling (discuss)
- Forming bed, addition and incorporation of amendments – activity/demonstration. Use tractor and rototiller. Discuss that seed size dictates fineness of soil needed to direct seed. Base amendments on needs of crop.
- Seeder – choose correct plate for seed, troubleshooting, gauging success
- Hand – slower but more accurate, inappropriate for larger scale
- Determining depth of seed – rule of thumb
- Covering seed – with soil or sand – discuss pros and cons
- Irrigation – frequent and sufficient enough to ensure good germination – critical at seedling stage in hot weather.
- B. Thinning – when plants reach appropriate size, thin to desired spacing – based on desired size at harvest. Demonstrate/practice thinning.
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