Survey Icon

ATTRA wants your input!

Tell us what you think about the resources and services that ATTRA provides by completing this short online survey. All answers are anonymous and will be used to support and improve ATTRA's work going forward.

Search This Site

Sign up for the Weekly Harvest Newsletter

What Is Sustainable Agriculture?

Master Publication List

Search Our Databases

Urban Agriculture

Energy Alternatives

Beginning Farmer

Field Crops

Horticultural Crops

Livestock & Pasture

Local Food Systems

Marketing, Business & Risk Management

Organic Farming

Pest Management

Soils & Compost

Water Management

Other Resources

Sign Up for The Dirt E-News

Home Page

Contribute to NCAT


Newsletter sign up button

· Privacy Policy · Newsletter Archives

RSS Icon XML Feeds

RSS 2.0: Events, Breaking News, Funding Opportunities Atom: Events, Breaking News, Funding Opportunities


NCAT strives to make our information available to everyone who needs it. If you are a limited-access or low-income farmer and find that one of our publications is just not in your budget, please call 800-346-9140.


How are we doing?


Find Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Follow us on Pinterst Visit the ATTRA Youtube Channel
Home > Master Publication List > Western Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education (SARE) Farm Internship Curriculum and Handbook > Direct Seeding (Field Exercise)

Western Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education
(SARE) Farm Internship Curriculum and Handbook

Tom and Maud Powell and Michael Moss, Sustainable Farmers, Jackson County, OR.
Technical advisor: Tim Franklin, Jacksonville, OR.
Curriculum advisor: Peter O'Connell, Jacksonville, OR.
Web advisor: National Center for Appropriate Technology, Butte, MT.

Published 2007
Updated 2010

Direct Seeding - Field Exercise


First, Discuss what Crops to Direct Seed and Why

  1. Preparation of bed
    1. Incorporation of green manure crop (discuss)
    2. Subsoiling (discuss)
    3. Forming bed, addition and incorporation of amendments - activity/demonstration. Use tractor and rototiller. Discuss that seed size dictates fineness of soil needed to direct seed. Base amendments on needs of crop.

  2. Seeding
    1. Methods
      1. Seeder - choose correct plate for seed, troubleshooting, gauging success
      2. Hand - slower but more accurate, inappropriate for larger scale
    2. Determining depth of seed - rule of thumb
    3. Covering seed - with soil or sand - discuss pros and cons

  3. Subsequent
    1. Irrigation - frequent and sufficient enough to ensure good germination - critical at seedling stage in hot weather.
    2. B. Thinning - when plants reach appropriate size, thin to desired spacing - based on desired size at harvest. Demonstrate/practice thinning.


«« Back to Intern Curriculum


Back to top

This page was last updated on: August 25, 2014