Efforts are underway to introduce natural enemies of the red imported fire ant to lessen its competitiveness against native ants. Releases of fire-ant-decapitating phorid flies have been made in several southern states. Mass rearing and additional releases of these flies are underway now. Experimental releases of a disease-causing protozoan have been made in ten southern states. A number of least-toxic fire ant control materials are discussed in this publication. Physical controls such as hot water, steam, and ant traps are also discussed.