Dairy Resource List: Organic and Pasture-Based
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Dairy Resource List: Organic and Pasture-Based

Margo Hale
NCAT Agriculture Specialist
Published 2006


Dairy cows grazing.
NCAT Photo

The following are many sources of information helpful to organic and pasture-based dairy farmers. This annotated list provides information on some of the best resources, both in-print and online, but the list is not meant to be all inclusive.

Table of Contents


There is an increasing demand for organic and pasture-based dairy products. Many conventional dairy farms are transitioning to pasture-based production, as well as becoming certified organic. With a new focus on pasture-based and organic production, farmers need additional information and resources on a variety of topics. This List is meant to help producers who operate, or are transitioning to, pasture-based and organic dairy operations.

If you don't have good Web access on your farm, visit your local public library for help in accessing information from the Internet. If you are not able to do that, call us at 800-346-9140. We can assist you in obtaining the information you need.

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Organic Dairying Overview: Grass-Based Production and Organic Systems

General Management

Cattle Production: Considerations for Pasture-Based Beef and Dairy Producers
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Comprehensive publication covering various aspects of pasture-based cattle production. Includes sections on nutrition, health, grazing management, organic production, marketing, and further resources.

Organic Dairy Farming
Padgham, Jody (Ed.). 2006. Orang-utan Press. Gay Mills, WI. 192 p. Available at Web site for $14.95 or call 715-772-3153 to order.

A comprehensive resource that covers organic production from nutrition to marketing, including a resource list and farmer profiles. The most up-to-date organic dairy resource.

Dairy Your Way
Moynihan, Meg (Ed.). 2006. Minnesota Department of Agriculture. 100 p. For a free print copy contact the Minnesota Dept. Of Ag., 651-201-6012, or e-mail the Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture, 800-909-6472.

A guide to management alternatives for the upper Midwest. Has chapters on Grazing Production, Organic Production, Value-Added Processing, and other topics.

Milk and Meat From Grass
Wilkinson, J.M. 1984. London: Granada Publishing.

This book emphasizes grass production, grazing management, and feeding to yield high levels of milk, beef, and lamb.

Northeast Organic Dairy Producers Alliance (NODPA)
30 Keets Rd.
Deerfield, MA 01342

The NODPA is a resource for organic dairy farmers, organic milk producers, and consumers interested in organic dairying and products.

The Midwest Organic and Sustainable Education Service (MOSES)
P.O. Box 339
Spring Valley, WI 54767

This Web site has helpful information on organic certification and production. Fact sheets, newsletters, books, and other publications on various organic topics can be found at this site.

NOFA Massachusetts Organic Dairy Program
411 Sheldon Road
Barre, MA 01005

This Web site has information about organic production and the transition process, also includes additional resources. Information is applicable to farmers from all areas, not just Massachusetts.

NOFA New York Organic Dairy Information
P.O. Box 880
Cobleskill, NY 12043

This Web site contains resources for organic production, organic health care, and recommended reading.

Organic Livestock and Grazing Resources [PDF/177KB]
McCrory, L. 2003. NOFA-VT Dairy Technical Assistance Program. 802-434-4122

Resources on alternative animal health products, organic minerals, organic fertilizers, organic grains, animal health consultants, and grazing systems management.

Holistic Management

Holistic Management – A Whole-Farm Decision Making Framework
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy

Introduction to holistic management, a decision-making framework that assists farmers and others in establishing a long-term goal, a detailed financial plan, a biological plan for the landscape, and a monitoring program to assess progress toward the goal.

Holistic Management: A New Framework for Decision Making
Savory, A. 1999. Washington, D.C., Island Press, 505-842-5252

The definitive text on holistic management. Covers the theories and practice of Holistic Management.

Holistic Management International
1010 Tijeras Ave. NW
Albuquerque, NM 87102

Holistic Management International is a non-profit organization dedicated to land resource management that restores land to health and profitability.

Dairy Standards and Transitioning to Organic Production

Organic Certification Process
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Designed to help organic producers and handlers understand, prepare for, and get the most from the process of organic certification to USDA National Organic Standards, including purposes and benefits of the inspection, a description of the process, and the role of the organic inspector.

Preparing for an Organic Inspection: Steps and Checklist
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Designed to help organic producers and handlers understand, prepare for, and get the most from their annual inspections.

National Organic Program Compliance Checklists for Producers
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Assess the compliance of your farm or ranch operation with National Organic Program (NOP) Standards. Divided into eight sections; 2 through 7 correspond to information required in the Organic Production and Handling System Plan.

NCAT's Organic Livestock Workbook
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

For organic and transitional producers with livestock or mixed crop and livestock operations. Emphasis on farming strategies and practices that promote sustainability. Especially for growers contemplating conversion to, and those in the early years of transition to, organic production.

Forms, Documents, and Sample Letters for Organic Producers,
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Supplementary letters, forms, and other documents producers can use to demonstrate compliance. Companion to ATTRA's organic documentation forms publications.

Organic Livestock Documentation Forms
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Tools that livestock producers can use for documenting practices, inputs, and activities that demonstrate compliance with regulations, or that assist in farm record keeping.

NCAT's Organic Crops Workbook
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

For organic and transitional producers with cropping or mixed crop and livestock operations. Created to assist in understanding the range of practices and materials allowed under the NOP Regulations.

Transitioning to Organic Production
(Sustainable Ag NetworKB] (print only), call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free copy.

Includes conversion strategies, covering typical organic farming production practices, innovative marketing ideas and federal standards for certified production. Special sections on livestock production and profiles of four organic producers.

National Organic Program Standards
USDA. 2006.
Agricultural Marketing Service
Room 4008-South Building
1400 Independence Avenue SW,
Washington, DC 20250-0020

The USDA-AMS is the regulatory agency for the National Organic Program. The Web site has links to the Program Standards, frequently asked questions, certifying agents by state, as well as consumer information.

Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI)
Box 11558
Eugene OR 97440

OMRI specializes in the review of substances for use in organic production, processing, and handling. OMRI provides a products list of brand name materials and a generic materials list for subscribers, which is a useful source of information to help interpret the NOP's National List, to determine whether a material is natural and whether it is allowed for use in organic production.

Washington State Dept. of Agriculture (WSDA) Brand Name Materials
P.O. Box 42560
Olympia, WA 98504-2560

The WSDA Brand Name Materials List is a list of brand name products that have been evaluated to determine that they comply with organic standards.

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Soil Organic Matter and Pasture Productivity: The Basics of Grass-Based Dairy Systems

Assessing the Pasture Soil Resource
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

How to take a soil sample and an easy way to assess soil biological activity and water infiltration. Assessment sheet included.

Sustainable Soil Management
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

This publication covers basic soil properties and management steps toward building and maintaining healthy soils.

Soil Management: National Organic Program Regulations
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

The soil section of the NOP Rule does not define specific land practices that producers must use. It does identify general soil management and environmental protection objectives. Management guidelines for meeting, and measurable parameters for monitoring these objectives are discussed, and why these objectives are essential for maintaining sustainable, organic production systems.

Fertility Pastures and Cover Crops
Newman Turner. 1974. Bargyla and Bylver Rateaver, Pauma Valley, CA.

Classic text on herbal lays, soil health, and profitable livestock production on pasture. Out of print. Used bookstores and interlibrary loan might yield good results obtaining this worthwhile book.

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Forages and Grazing: Planning the Grazing Season

Paddocks, Stocking, Maintaining Productive Pastures

Pastures: Going Organic
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Overview of how the U.S. organic law applies to pasture and rangeland production. Describes allowed practices and materials as well as required records. Briefly addresses fertility and pest management issues.

Paddock Design, Fencing, and Water Systems for Controlled Grazing
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Basics of paddock design, considerations in fencing and water technology. Includes enclosures.

Pasture, Rangeland, and Grazing Management
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Comprehensive publication covering topics such as managing soil and forage resources, stocking rate, weed management, pasture establishment, grazing, plant toxicity, and further resources.

Organic Seed Suppliers Database

This database provides sources for organic seed of both agronomic and horticultural crops. Some national mail-order suppliers of untreated seed are included.

Grazing Systems Planning Guide
Blanchet, K, Moechnig, H., and DeJong-Hughes, J. 2005. University of Minnesota, Extension. To order by phone call 800-876-8636 or write to: Extension Distribution Center
1420 Eckles Ave.
405 Coffey Hall
St. Paul, MN 55108-6068

This publication helps livestock producers develop a customized farm specific grazing plan to reduce feed costs and add to profitability. Planning Guide focuses on management and control of pasture resources.

Pasture for Dairy Cattle: Challenges and Opportunities [PDF/178KB]
Amaral-Phillips, D.M., R.W. Hemken, J. C. Henning, and L. W. Turner. Lexington University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension. Contact: 859-257-4736

Excellent Extension publication on grazing nutrition for high-producing cows. Includes sections on rotational grazing schemes, grazing behavior of cows, and an extensive section on the effect of pasture intake quality on milk production.

Grass for Dairy Cattle
Cherney, J.H. and D.J.R Cherney. 1999. CABI Publishing.

"Examines the role of grass in milk production in sustainable agricultural ecosystems. Provides a current summary of the role of grass in dairy cattle systems, including the breeding, management, storage, feeding and economics of grass for both lactating and dry dairy cows."

Forage-Animal Management Systems
Blaser, R. 1986. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station. Bulletin 86-7.

This publication covers forage species, managing forages, nutritional needs of animals, and various forage-animal systems. Includes a section on forage systems for dairy cattle. Does a good job of explaining the relationships between forages and animals.

Making the Switch: Two Successful Dairy Graziers Tell Their Stories [PDF/2.27MB]
Holter, R., and Prigel, B. 2004. Future Harvest.
University of Maryland
College of Agriculture and Natural Resources
106 Market Court
Stevensville, MD 21666

A great profile of two dairy graziers. Covers how they got started, how they manage their pastures, and their advice to others.

Grazing in the Dairy State
Taylor, J., and Foltz, J. 2006.
University of Wisconsin-Madison
1535 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706

This report summarizes information about Wisconsin dairy producers who use pasture and managed grazing as feeding and farm management tools. Includes grazing, financial, and quality of life information.

Ye Olde Forage Library Card Catalogue

This site links to "classic" works on forage management. Topics covered include forage species, establishment, management, and quality.

The Forgey Files

David Forgey shares his experience and expertise as a dairy grazier. He covers topics such as seasonal dairying, pasture management, and grazing.

Getting Started in Management-intensive Grazing

Rotational Grazing
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

How to manage pastures and grazing animals to make more profitable use of the farm's resources.

Management-intensive Grazing
Gerrish, J. 2004. Ridgeland, MS: Green Park Press.

Step by step through the management-intensive grazing system. Includes information on managing soil, pastures, and animals.

Pastures for profit: A guide to rotational grazing [PDF/617KB]
Undersander, D., B. Albert, D. Cosgrove, D. Johnson, and P. Peterson. 2002. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin System. Contact Cooperative Extension Publications, 608-262-3346 or 877-947-7827.

An authoritative booklet from Wisconsin and Minnesota Extension forage and dairy specialists. Includes practical methods to assist producers in planning, implementing, and monitoring intensive rotational grazing systems. Charts, tables, and figures highlight and explain technical information.

Prescribed Grazing and Feeding Management for Lactating Dairy Cows [PDF/15MB]
Emmick, D. (ed). 2000. Syracuse, NY: NY State Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative. Call: 607-756-0851

General primer on grazing management beginning with attention to utilizing forage as a significant component of dairy rations. Includes sections on grazing behavior and diet selection, economics, pasture fertility, prescribed grazing, ration formulation, and supplementation. Also includes a section on animal management including health and transitioning between pasture and confinement feeding periods.

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Animal Management


Organic Livestock Feed Suppliers Database

This resource list helps organic livestock producers locate sources of organic formulated feed rations or feed ingredients. You can search by state or by type of product.

Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh Revised Edition
NRC. 2001. The National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.

The NRC nutrient requirements were developed from studies on cattle fed concentrates and harvested forages in confinement, and may not reflect grazing nutrition. However, it can be a useful starting place in developing pasture-based diets. Includes feedstuff charts with nutrient contents.

Supplemental Dietary Protein for Grazing Dairy Cows: Effect on Pasture Intake and Lactation Performance [PDF/142KB]
McCormick, M. E., J. D. Ward, D. D. Redfearn, D. D. French, D. C. Blouin, A. M. Chapa, and J. M. Fernandez. 2001. J. Dairy Sci. 84:896–907. The Mineral Requirements of Grazing Ruminants Grace, N.D. 1983. Hamilton, New Zealand: New Zealand Society of Animal Production.

Dairy Cattle Health

Integrated Parasite Management for Livestock
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

This publication offers a systems approach to assess and manage the soil, forages, and animals to decrease internal parasites and their effects.

Alternative Treatments for Ruminant Animals: Safe, natural veterinary care for cattle, sheep, and goats
Dettloff, Paul. 2004. Austin: Acres, USA.
P.O. Box 91299
Austin, TX 78709

A natural systems approach to livestock care. Includes chapters on digestive, respiratory, reproductive systems, and vaccinations.

Treating Dairy Cows Naturally: Thoughts and Strategies
Karreman, H. 2004. Paradise, PA: Paradise Publications
1272 Mt Pleasant Rd
Quarryville, PA 17566

Addresses many aspects of maintaining healthy animals and treating them naturally. The book includes organic treatments and covers aspects of biologics, botanical medicines, homeopathic remedies, acupuncture and conventional medicine.

Treating Mastitis Without Antibiotics
Duval, J. 1997. Ecological Agriculture Projects. Call: 514-398-7771

Covers types and causes of mastitis, preventative measures, and curative measures.

The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable
Bairacli Levy, J. 1991. Boston, MA: Faber and Faber.

This book offers a different perspective on prevention of disease and production of healthy animals without using conventional medicine.

Penn Dutch Cow Care
1272 Mt Pleasant Rd
Quarryville, PA 17566

A veterinary business dedicated to providing natural treatments and herd health management services to ecologically motivated dairy farmers. For farmers interested in a more natural approach to treating their cows, intensive graziers, and organic producers.

Wild Health: How Animals Keep Themselves Well and What We Can Learn From That
Engel, C. 2002. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

This book discusses how animals keep themselves free from disease and injury. It compiles anecdotal and scientific evidence of how animals self-treat.

The Herdsman's Introduction to Homoeopathy
Hansford, P. and Pinkus, T. 1998. Ainsworths Homoeopathic Pharmacy.

Introduction to homoeopathy with information about dosages and potency. Includes remedies for various injuries and disorders.

The Merck Veterinary Manual
Can be purchased from:
Merck & Co., Inc.
P.O. Box 2000 RY84-25
Rahway, NY 07065

A handbook of diagnosis, therapy, and disease prevention and control for the veterinarian.

Dairy Facilities for Grass-Based Operations

Solar-powered Livestock Watering Systems
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

This publication gives an introduction to solar-powered livestock watering systems, including discussions of cost, components, and terminology, as well as some suggestions for designing and installing these systems.

Dairy Farm Practices Council Guidelines
51 E. Front Street, Suite 2
Keyport, NJ 07735

Guidelines for the dairy industry relating to sanitation and milk quality.

The Small Dairy Resource Book [PDF/990KB]
Dunaway, V. 2000. Beltsville, MD: SAN.

Excellent resources for small scale dairy producers, including processing, food safety, marketing, animal and pasture management, and an extensive list of suppliers, organizations, and publications.

Cooperative Farm Building Plan Exchange
Agricultural Engineering Department
The University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742

Plans for various types of dairy barns.

Designing and Building Dairy Cattle Free-stalls [PDF/112KB]
Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences.
Publications Distribution Center
112 Agricultural Administration Bldg.
University Park, PA 16802

Extension publication that addresses free-stall construction, with considerations on animal size, partition type and height, free-stall layout, slope, bedding materials, drainage, and more.

Low Cost Parlor Options CD
UW Extension. 2001. Developed by the Dairy Modernization/Retrofit Team of the University of Wisconsin Extension in cooperation with the UW Center for Dairy Profitability and the Biological Systems Engineering Department of the University of Wisconsin Extension. Single copies of the CD may be purchased from the Center for Dairy Profitability for $25.00. This price includes shipping and handling. Written orders should be sent to:
Arlin Brannstrom
1675 Observatory Drive
285 Animal Science Building
Madison, WI 53706

MidWest Plan Service
122 Davidson Hall
Iowa State University
Ames, IA 50011-3080

Includes free, downloadable plans for dairy barns, parlors, and other farm facilities.

Canada Plan Service, Dairy Cattle

Has various plans for barns and parlors.

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Milk Marketing

Direct Marketing

Direct Marketing
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

This publication on direct marketing alternatives—with emphasis on niche, specialty and value-added crops—features many farm case studies, as well as information on enterprise budgets and promotion/publicity. A new section discusses implications of Internet marketing and e-commerce for agriculture.

Organic Marketing Resources
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

This publication offers market resources for organic food and fiber products, including organic prices, sales data, market trends, and other market data, organic trade associations, directories, and other organic marketing publications and resources, with contact information for ordering them.

Washington Association of Shareholder Dairy Owners
33495 Mill Canyon Rd.
Davenport, WA 99122

Advocacy and education on raw milk production and consumption through cow share contracts.

The Future is Organic Raw Dairy Choice Campaign

Online resources and information on raw milk production and marketing, including web links to documents, case studies, and educational information from various states.

A Study of Marketing Issues with Organic Milk
Hammarland, R. 2002. Kansas State University.

A study of milk consumption and the market of organic milk. This study examines consumers' attitudes towards organic milk.


Cooperatives in the Dairy Industry [PDF/313KB]
USDA Rural Development. 2005. Cooperative Information Report 1 Section 16.

This publication highlights how cooperatives work. It gives the history of dairy cooperatives and their current state in the U.S.

University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives
230 Taylor Hall
427 Lorch Street
Madison, WI 53706-1503

UWCC studies and provides information on all aspects of cooperatives, including organizing a cooperative. This site includes publications, bulletins, and links regarding dairy cooperatives.

Dairy Product Diversification

Value Added Dairy Options
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Dairy farmers can add value to their milk by processing and marketing their own products, such as cheeses, yogurt, butter, ice cream, and farm-bottled milk. This publication discusses regulations and organic milk certification and offers resources for further information.

Value-Added Dairy Processing Feasibility Report (WORD DOC / 16.3MB]
Hammarlund, R. 2003. Kansas Department of Commerce, Agriculture Marketing Division.

Includes a section on organic production. This is a full report of a study done in Kansas.

Questions You Should Answer Before Starting a New Dairy Processing Enterprise [PDF/17KB]
Henehan, B. n.d. Cornell University.

"This set of questions provides a beginning point for an individual or group looking at starting up a new dairy business. The questions provide a beginning and jumping off point for a more rigorous review of the necessary components of a successful business start-up."

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Dairy Financial Management

Business Planning

Building a Sustainable Business: A Guide to Developing a Business Plan for Farms and Rural Business
DiGiacomo, G., King, R., and Nordquist, D. 2003. Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture, Saint Paul, MN, and the Sustainable Agriculture Network, Beltsville, MD. Can be purchased by calling 800-909-6472 or misamail@umn.edu

This comprehensive workbook will guide farmers through every step of the process in creating a business plan. Includes many examples from existing farms.

PRIMER for Selecting New Enterprises for Your Farm [PDF/317KB]
Woods, T. and Isaacs, S. 2000. University of Kentucky, Agricultural Economics.

This publication discusses six factors to consider when investigating a new enterprise for your farm. Profitability, Resources, Information, Marketing, Enthusiasm, and Risk are discussed.

Cost of Production

The Economics of Grass-Based Dairying
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

This publication discusses economics of dairies, land requirements for grazing dairies, supplemental feed, seasonal dairies, labor and profitability.

The Center for Dairy Profitability
1675 Observatory Drive
266 Animal Science Building
Madison, WI 53706

This Web site has extensive economic and profitability data. It includes budgets and worksheets.

The Economics of Organic and Grazing Dairy Farms
Kriegl, T. 2005. Regional Multi-State Interpretation of Small Farm Financial Data from the Fourth Year Report on 2003 Great Lakes Grazing Network Grazing Dairy Data. Madison, WI: UW Center for Dairy Profitability.
Fact Sheet #1: Project Overview
Fact Sheet #2: Comparing the Top Half with the Bottom Half of Graziers
Fact Sheet #3: Comparing Herds by Size. Less than 100 Cows vs. 100 Cows or More Fact Sheet #4: Comparing Seasonal Calving with Non-seasonal Herds
Fact Sheet #5: Grazing vs. Confinement
Fact Sheet #6: Preview of Financial Performance of Graziers by Breed
Tom Kriegl
1675 Observatory Dr.
277 Animal Sci Bldg
Madison, WI 53706

Comprehensive research project comparing conventional and pasture-based dairy farms in the Midwest. An excellent resource for dairy farmers considering a transition to organic and/or pasture-based production.

Dairy Farmer Profitability Using Intensive Rotational Stocking: Better grazing management for pastures [PDF/282KB]
USDA. 1996. Natural Resources Conservation Service and Grazing Lands Technology Institute.
Grazing Lands Technology Institute
USDA, Natural Resources Conservation Service
P.O. Box 6567
Fort Worth, TX 76115

Results of a study in Pennsylvania consisting of 52 farmers practicing intensive grazing. Reasons farmers adopted intensive grazing were reduced costs and improved cow health. Farmers who have always grazed and who owned or rented land that was best suited to grazing were more likely to adopt intensive grazing.

Costs and Returns to Organic Dairy Farming in Maine and Vermont for 2004 [PDF/36KB]
Dalton, T., Bragg, L., Kersbergen, R., Parsons, R., Rogers, G., Kauppila, D, and Wang, Q. 2005. University of Maine.

Based on work from “Profitability and Transitional Analysis of Northeast Organic Dairy Farms,” an Organic Initiative Project. This work reports average production costs and returns for 2004 from a sample of 30 organic dairy farms.

Cost of Organic Milk Production in California [PDF/116KB]
Butler, L. 2002. California Agriculture. Vol. 56, No. 5. p. 157-162.

This study measures the cost of organic milk production and the differences in cost of production between organic and conventional milk in California.

Summary of Economic Studies of Organic Dairy Farming in Wisconsin, New England, and Quebec [PDF/143KB]
Kriegl, T. 2006. Center for Dairy Profitability, University of Wisconsin.

This piece summarizes the findings of several organic dairy economic studies.

Pastures of plenty: Financial performance of Wisconsin grazing dairy farms
Kriegl, T., and McNair, R. 2005.
University of Wisconsin-Madison
1535 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706

This report highlights an economic study of Wisconsin grazing dairy farms.

Economics of a Missouri Pasture-Based Dairy, Can a Small Farm Survive? [PDF/126KB]
Hamilton, S., Rickard, T., Bishop-Hurley, G., Davis, C., and Young, R. University of Missouri Extension.

This document compares the economics of a pasture-based dairy to larger, conventional dairies.

Economic Overview of the SW Center Pasture-Based Dairy (1999-2004)
Davis, C.W., Rickard, T.R., Hamilton, S.A, and Crawford, R.J.
Southwest Missouri Center
University of Missouri
14548 Highway H
Mt. Vernon, MO 65712-9523

Overview of the University of Missouri Southwest Center Dairy with economic data on the seasonal, pasture based operation.

Nat Bacon's Sample Transitioning Budget (EXCEL / 26.5KB]

This link takes you to an Excel file with a sample budget for organic dairy transition. You can enter data specific to your herd.

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Dairy Farm Energy Resources

Anaerobic Digestion of Animal Wastes: Factors to Consider
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free hard copy.

Anaerobic digestion is an alternative solution to livestock waste management that offers economic and environmental benefits. This publication provides an introduction to the technology, with discussion of the digestion process; production, uses, and risks of bio-gas; digester design considerations; and system costs.

Dairy Energy Efficiency Resource List
Call ATTRA, 800-346-9140 for a free copy. Draft copy available, final version should be available in late 2006.

Resources relating to energy efficiency on dairy farms.

California Energy Commission, Energy in Agriculture
1516 Ninth Street, MS-42
Sacramento, CA

This Web site offers case studies, publications, and research projects that highlight energy efficient technologies and management practices that reduce production costs.

65 Millet Street, Suite 105
Richmond, VT 05477

EnSave supports the American agricultural sector with innovative energy efficiency and pollution prevention programs.

The Wisconsin Public Service Corporation
P.O. Box 19002
Green Bay, WI 54307-9002

This site includes energy-saving tools and ideas. It also offers additional resources to answer energy-related questions.

Wisconsin Focus on Energy
Call: 800-762-7077

Offers tips and programs to help encourage energy efficiency. Focus on Energy can help you identify and implement ways to reduce energy use, boost productivity, and save money.

Strategies for Energy Use on the Dairy Farm

This paper focuses on three management practices relating to energy conservation and use of energy for maximizing profits.

Utilization of renewable energy sources and energy-saving technologies by small-scale milk plants and collection centres
Riva, G. 1992. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 93.

This document gives the theoretical background to the use of renewable sources of energy in the collection, storage and processing of milk and outlines some applications.

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Pasture and Dairy Research from Extension, Research Organizations, etc.

U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center
1925 Linden Drive West
University of Wisconsin
Madison, WI 53706

An Agriculture Research Service (ARS) location with the mission of improving forage use by dairy cattle. Web site has research results, publications, and other resources for dairy producers.

USDA Current Research Information System (CRIS)

All research sponsored or conducted by the USDA is required to be documented in the Current Research Information System (CRIS) a unit of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES). The CRIS database currently includes information covering over 95% of all publicly supported agricultural and forestry research.

SARE Project Reports

Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) program is a funding source for farmers, researchers, and educators. Project reports and publications can be found using the searchable database.

From the National Agricultural Library

If you are looking for scientific articles the most comprehensive database of published works related to agriculture is maintained by the National Agricultural Library. The database can be searched by key word, title, or author to locate relevant articles. Searching is made easy by the electronic catalog called AGRICOLA.

State Cooperative Extension and Land-Grant Universities

Most states have information regarding dairying, animal nutrition, animal health, and forages available through Extension and Land-Grant Universities. This enables you to find information pertinent to your state.

Dairy Resource List: Organic and Pasture-Based
By Margo Hale
NCAT Agriculture Specialist
Paul Driscoll, Editor
Sherry Vogel, HTML Production
Slot 302


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This page was last updated on: August 28, 2014