Small Ruminant Resources

Small Ruminant Resources | ATTRA | National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service
Master Publication List > Small Ruminant Resources

Small Ruminant Resources

Linda Coffey, Jana Reynolds and Margo Hale
Updated by Linda Coffey, Margo Hale and Hannah Lewis

NCAT Agriculture Specialists
© NCAT 2004
Updated 2010


Ewe and Lamb

Following are many sources of information helpful to producers of small ruminants. Further resources may be available at your county Extension office, through your state land-grant university, or your local library.

Table of Contents

Types of Resources

ATTRA Publications

ATTRA publications are available on this website. Free copies may be requested by calling 1-800-346-9140.


The books listed offer useful information on a wide variety of production and marketing issues. These titles may be available at your local library or through inter-library loan. Most of these books will be worthwhile purchases for those new to sheep or goat production. Previewing the books at a library is the best way to select the titles that will be most useful to you.

Used copies may be available through online services or through other booksellers. Many suppliers of sheep and goat equipment also offer books in their catalogs, and titles are available from the publishers as well.


This is not intended to be a comprehensive list, but these websites offer convenient access to a lot of information. Websites frequently change; please let us know if a link does not work so we can keep this list current. Call 1-800-346-9140 to report any problems with this list.

Other resources

Included here are DVDs and other useful tools that do not fit into the above categories.

A sampling of magazines, organizations, suppliers, and publishers is listed at the end of the document. Listing does not imply endorsement.

Resources are numbered to help users of ATTRA's Small Ruminant Sustainability Checksheet locate relevant information for improving their farms. This list works in tandem with the Farm Action Plan included in that document.

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I. General: Sheep and Goats

1) An Illustrated Guide to Sheep and Goat Production
This basic and heavily illustrated introduction to sheep and goat production discusses animal selection, feeding, breeding and young stock, equipment and handling, and marketing.

2) Small Ruminant Sustainability Checksheet
This checksheet is designed to stimulate critical thinking when evaluating a farm that produces sheep or goats. The sustainability of a farm depends on many factors involving farm management, use of resources, and quality of life. The questions in the checksheet are intended to stimulate awareness rather than to rate management practices. Use this guide to define areas in your farm management that might be improved, as well as to identify areas of strength.

3) Small-Scale Livestock Farming: A Grass Based Approach for Health, Sustainability, and Profit

Ekarius, Carol. 1999. Storey Books, Pownal, VT. 217 p.
Not specific to any species of livestock; contains farmer profiles and quite a bit of holistic planning and economic information. Very complete in treatment of rotational grazing.

4) Sheep Housing and Equipment Handbook

Hirning, Harvey J., Tim C. Faller, Karl J. Hoppe, Dan J. Nudell, and Gary E. Ricketts. 1994. MidWest Plan Service, Ames, IA. 90 p.
These plans are also useful for goats, and include a few plans specific to goats.

5) United States Department of Agriculture

6) Natural Resources Conservation Service

7) Maryland Small Ruminant Page

Don't miss this site. It is the most comprehensive and easy-to-use site for sheep and goat producers, and links to many of the Web resources listed in this document. The site is so extensive that using the search function is recommended; otherwise, it might take several clicks to find what you are looking for. The home page alone contains a wealth of information, including links to PowerPoint presentations and spreadsheets, the Sheep 101 and Sheep 201 courses, the Wild and Wooly Sheep and Goat Newsletter, a reference list that includes many fine books and tabs to many useful articles covering every conceivable aspect of sheep and goat production. This portal is run by Susan Schoenian, University of Maryland Extension, and it is the first place to go if you have Web access. Her work is top-notch. The site includes numerous resources not contained in this ATTRA resource list.

8) Kentucky Sheep and Goat Development Office

9) Sheep and Goat Extension and Research, Texas A&M University

10) Sheep and Goats, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Extension

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II. General: Sheep

12) Dairy Sheep
This publication offers additional information and resources and includes a quick overview of production considerations.

13) Sheep: Sustainable and Organic Production
This publication takes a look at breed selection, feeding, health management, and innovative marketing of meat and wool products.

14) Storey's Guide to Raising Sheep, 4th Edition

Simmons, Paula and Carol Ekarius. 2009. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 400 p.
This book is a very useful resource covering many aspects of raising and marketing sheep and their products. Enjoyable to read and helpful to both beginners and experienced producers.

15) Storey's Barn Guide to Sheep

Burns, Deborah, Sarah Guaro and Dale Perkins, editors. 2006. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 96 p.
This spiral-bound book with large, heavy-duty pages is designed to accompany the farmer to the barn and is complete with step-by-step guides and many straightforward illustrations. A companion to Storey's Guide to Raising Sheep.

16) Practical Lambing and Lamb Care: A Veterinary Guide, 3rd Edition

Eales, Andrew, John Small and Colin Macaldowie. 3rd Edition. 2004. Blackwell Publishing, Ltd., Oxford, U.K. 272 p.
This book provides practical guidance on all aspects of lambing and lamb care, including preventing and dealing with health issues, and ewe care.

17) Managing Your Ewe and Her Newborn Lambs

Lawson, Laura. 1997. LDF Publications, Culpeper, VA. 352 p.
Information on preparation for breeding, lambing, and aftercare.

18) Changes in the Sheep Industry: Making the Transition from Tradition

National Research Council. 2008. The National Academic Press, Washington, D.C. 347 p.
A comprehensive report covering the history and current state of the U.S. sheep industry. Also includes information on breeds, health issues, and marketing.

19) Sheep Success

Griffith, Nathan. 2000. Cobblemead Publications, Trout, WV. 204 p.
Long-established but not widely known strategies for breeding, growing, and selling sheep.

20) Sheep Production Handbook

This reference handbook, which now includes a CD, covers the basics of sheep production, is for beginning and experienced sheep producers alike.

American Sheep Industry Association
9785 Maroon Circle, Suite 360
Englewood, CO 80112
(303) 771-3500, ext. 32

21) American Sheep Industry Association

22) Hair Sheep Research and Information

23) National Sheep Improvement Program

24) Oregon State University

25) Penn State Sheep Publications

26) Sheep Extension Program, Farm Flock Sheep Production Handbook, Montana State University

27) Sheep Information - Cornell University STAR System

28) University of Kentucky Sheep Publications

29) University of Minnesota Extension Sheep Publications

30) University of Tennessee Sheep Extension

31) University of Wisconsin Sheep Extension

32) Sheep Management Wheel

The Pipestone Sheep Management Wheel is designed to make ewe flock management decisions simple and easy. The wheel is basically a management calendar. It works by setting the date you lamb, and all the management tasks that you need to do for the ewe and her lambs for the entire year are indicated on the wheel.

To order a Pipestone Sheep Management Wheel, send $10 (checks payable to Minnesota West) to:
Pipestone Lamb and Wool Program
1314 North Hiawatha
P. O. Box 250
Pipestone, MN 56164
or call: (507) 825-6806

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III. General: Goats

33) Meat Goats: Sustainable Production
Offers information specific to meat goat production and should be read after the companion publication, Goats: Sustainable Production Overview. This document discusses selection, breeds, marketing, feeding, profitability, and other topics. It includes sample budgets, case studies of farms in Montana and Missouri, and many further resources.

34) Goats: Sustainable Production Overview
Discusses considerations of raising goats on pasture, including grazing, supplemental feeding, health concerns, reproduction, and management, as well as marketing and profitability.

35) Dairy Goats: Sustainable Production
This publication is intended for those interested in starting a commercial goat dairy. It discusses the five major considerations to be addressed in planning for dairy goat production: labor, sales and marketing, processing, regulations, and budgeting and economics. It includes production information specific to dairy goats, including choosing breeds and selecting stock.

36) Meat Goats: Their History, Management, and Diseases

Mitcham, Stephanie and Allison Mitcham. 2000. Crane Creek Publications, Sumner, IA. 264 p.
A well-written combination of the authors' personal experiences raising goats, veterinary knowledge (Stephanie Mitcham is a DVM), and a compilation of information from other experts in the field. Includes information about handling systems (hard to find elsewhere).

37) Storey's Guide to Raising Dairy Goats

(Revised and updated; originally called Raising Milk Goats the Modern Way)
Belanger, Jerry. 2001. Storey Books, Pownal, VT. 288 p.
Very good general information for producers of dairy goats.

38) Goats and Goatkeeping

Thear, Katie. 1988. Merehurst Press, London, U.K. 176 p.
Very interesting book for goat producers, geared for the small farm. Covers milk, meat, and fiber. Practical and concise, very similar to The New Goat Handbook, but with added detail.

39) The Goat Handbook

Judas, Ulrich and Seyedemehdi Mobini. 2006. Barron's Educational Series, Inc., Hauppauge, NY. 144 p.
The compact size of this book makes it easy to keep handy, and it is full of photographs, line drawings, and useful information. Includes basic information on care, housing, breeding, and upkeep in non-technical language.

40) Goat Husbandry

Mackenzie, David. Goodwin, Ruth (editor). 1993. Faber & Faber, London, U.K. 355 p.
British terminology, very good reading — a classic.

41) Angora Goats the Northern Way: With Chapters on Cashmere Goats, 4th Edition

Drummond, Susan Black. 1993. Stoney Lonesome Farm, Freeport, MI. 239 p.

42) Raising Goats for Milk and Meat, 3rd Edition

Sinn, Rosalee. 2008. Heifer International, Little Rock, AR. 218 p.
Written for producers with limited resources, this is a very practical book, much expanded over the previous version; don't miss the chapter on health, which includes emphasis on prevention. Educators will appreciate the format of this book, in which the 10 chapters are presented as learning guides and lessons. This is an ideal course for educators working with groups and for self-study.

43) Your Goats: A Kid's Guide to Raising and Showing

Damerow, Gail. 1993. Storey Books, Pownal, VT. 172 p.
Gail Damerow writes very good books; this one is easy to understand and very informative. Not just for kids.

44) Raising Meat Goats for Profit

Bowman, Gail. 1999. Bowman Communications, Inc., Twin Falls, ID. 256 p.
This "how-to" book is a wonderful resource for goat breeders. It includes information about the meat breeds, how to get started with meat goat production, feed ration tables, kidding and raising kids, how to sell your goats, and information on health and diseases, as well as recipes.

45) Storey's Guide to Raising Meat Goats

Sayer, Maggie. 2007. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 320 p.

46) Simply Meat Goats

Solaiman, Sandra G. 2006. George Washington Carver Agricultural Experiment Station, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL.118 p.

"Simply Meat Goats" is available for $15 (includes shipping and handling) by writing:
Sandra G. Solaiman
105 Milbank Hall
Tuskegee University
Tuskegee, AL 36088
(334) 727-8401

47) Oklahoma Basic Meat Goat Manual

Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service and Oklahoma State University. 2008. Oklahoma State Extension. 100 p.

To order a copy, contact:
JJ Jones
(580) 332-7011

48) Meat Goat Production Handbook

Gipson, T.A., R.C. Merkel, and S. Hart. 2008. American Institute for Goat Research, Langston, OK. 418 p.
Comprehensive and highly useful guide to meat goat production and marketing. See content online (web-based Training and Certification Program for Meat Goat Producers). This spiral-bound book is a handy reference.

To order a copy, contact:
Langston University
Box 730
Langston, OK 73050
or access the online order form.
Current cost is $50, which includes shipping and handling in the U.S.

49) Goats: Small-scale Herding for Pleasure and Profit

Weaver, Sue. 2006. Bow Tie Press. 160 p.
This introductory book discusses choosing, breeding, and tending goats.

50) Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids

NRC. 2007. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

51) A Compilation of the Wit and Wisdom of "The Goat Man"

Pinkerton, Frank. 2010. Published by Goat Rancher Magazine. 334 p.
Dr. Pinkerton has been involved in every aspect of the goat industry and he writes very well, managing to be educational and funny at the same time. This book deals with all aspects of goat production, but is especially strong in the areas of marketing of meat goats, goat enterprise economics and production testing, vital areas that are often overlooked in goat production books.

52) Web-based Training and Certification Program for Meat Goat Producers

53) Meat Goat Home Study Course, Penn State Extension

54) Langston University-E (Kika) de la Garza American Institute for Goat Research

This website is packed with solid information for goat producers, whether they raise meat, dairy, or fiber goats. From the home page, you can connect to the Web-based training course (see 52 above), the online manual for conducting fecal egg counts, nutrient requirements calculators (for balancing rations) and more. Use the search button to find information on many goat production topics.. The Web-based training course can be browsed and then read one chapter at a time; this is one of the best places to go for information on any aspect of meat goat production.

55) Nutrient Requirements of Goats (1981 edition)

This version is very accessible and useful, but be aware that there is an updated version. See entry above in the book listings.

56) North Carolina State University - Extension Animal Husbandry (see Meat Goat)

57) Meat Goat Selection, Carcass Evaluation, and Fabrication Guide

58) Tennessee Grazing Planner (PDF)

59) Goat World

60) Boer and Meat Goat Information

61) Penn State Meat Goat Research and Publications

62) American Dairy Goat Association

63) The Dairy Goat Journal

64) Wisconsin Dairy Artisan Network

65) Meat Goat Management Wheel

The versatile, easy-to-use Meat Goat Management Wheel simplifies decisions about meat goat management and production. The wheel is a management calendar that helps you schedule tasks. It contains lots of general management information that can be adjusted for individual operations and different management styles.

To order a copy, contact the University of Missouri Extension Publications or call (573) 882-7216

66) Meat Goat Production and Marketing DVD

This video illustrates the story of Bill Legg's pastured meat goat operation, within the setting of his diverse Tennessee farm. The practical information includes goat breeds and breeding tips, pasture management, pest control, marketing, and more - as told by the farmer.

Southern Sustainable Agriculture Working Group (SSAWG) DVD series

Southern SAWG's video series titled Natural Farming Systems in the South provides an easy, economical way to take a virtual tour of some highly successful farming operations in the region. Compiled in partnership with the USDA's Risk Management Agency, these broadcast-quality videos feature farmers who detail in plain-spoken terms their whole farming systems and each component unique to their particular operations.

Videos in the series include Meat Goat Production and Marketing, Artisan Cheese Making, and more.

To order the videos, take virtual farm tours, download the Meat Goat Resource List (Word document), and watch short video clips, visit the SSAWG website or call (479) 251-8310. Currently, videos are $15 each (plus shipping and handling).

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IV. Forages

67) Assessing the Pasture Soil Resource
How to take a soil sample and an easy way to assess soil biological activity and water infiltration. Assessment sheet included.

68) Multispecies Grazing
Brief overview of why multispecies grazing is beneficial, as well as considerations for management.

69) Paddock Design, Fencing, and Water Systems for Controlled Grazing
This publication covers some of the basics of paddock design and current fencing and water technology.

70) Rotational Grazing
How to manage pastures and grazing animals to make more profitable use of a farm's resources.

71) Pastures: Sustainable Management
This publication looks at managing fertility and pests, grazing systems, conserved forages, and maintaining productivity. It includes additional resources.

72) Pasture, Rangeland, and Grazing Management
This publication profiles the general types of pastures and rangelands and offers information about management and expected yields. Weed management strategies are also discussed, and tips are offered to rehabilitate depleted land. Issues in grazing management, such as paddock development, plant selection, drought and plant toxicosis, are also discussed. Resources and references are also included.

73) Pastures: Going Organic
This publication is an introduction to regulations related to organic pasture and rangeland in the United States. Fertility, weed, and insect pest management issues are briefly addressed. Organic integrity is discussed, including records required to demonstrate compliance with the National Organic Standards. References and resources follow the narrative.

74) Ruminant Nutrition for Graziers
This publication provides managers with tools and references to assess biological and climatological variables and make decisions that ensure the ecological and economic viability of a grass-based ruminant operation.

75) Small-Scale Livestock Farming: A Grass Based Approach for Health, Sustainability, and Profit

Ekarius, Carol. 1999. Storey Books, Pownal, VT. 217 p
Not specific to any species of livestock; contains farmer profiles and quite a bit of holistic planning and economic information. Very complete in treatment of rotational grazing.

76) Southern Forages

Ball, D.M., C. S. Holveland, and G.D. Lacefield. 2002. Potash & Phosphate Institute (PPI). Norcross, GA. 322 p.
This handy book includes color photos to help in forage identification, as well as very readable and useful treatments of forage programs, options in forages, establishing forages, managing grazing, minimizing stored feed requirements, dealing with poisonous plants, and much more. A chapter on forage quality is followed by a chapter on the nutrient requirements of livestock. All graziers in the South will benefit from reading and using this book. Printed on durable enameled paper, this book is compact and includes lots of tables, graphics and photos. Softcover. "From dashboards of trucks to libraries, this book will be dog-eared from regular use." (Dr. Jimmy Henning, University of Kentucky Extension Forage Specialist)

Potash & Phosphate Institute (PPI)
655 Engineering Drive, Suite 110
Norcross, Georgia 30092-2837
Phone: (770) 825-8082

77) Comeback Farms: Rejuvenating Soils, Pastures and Profits with Livestock Grazing Management

Judy, Greg. 2008. Acres USA. Austin, TX. 278 p.
This book expands on the cattle operation and includes first-hand experience with high density multi-species grazing, specifically for sheep, goats, and pigs. Tips are included on how to work with nature without costly inputs and letting the animals be your labor force.

78) Targeted Grazing: A Natural Approach to Vegetation Management and Landscape Enhancement

National Sheep Industry Improvement Center and American Sheep Industry Association. 2006. American Sheep Industry Association, Centennial, CO. 199 p.

To order a copy, contact:
American Sheep Industry Association
9785 Maroon Circle, Suite 360
Englewood, CO 80112
(303) 771-3500, ext. 32

79) More Sheep, More Grass, More Money

Schroedter, Peter. 1997. Ramshead Publishing, Ltd. Moosehorn, Manitoba. p.112
Personal experiences of the author emphasizing the need to make a profit with the sheep enterprise. It includes examples of how to cut costs and increase profits. Emphasis on grazing management. Very practical.

80) Tennessee Grazing/Browsing Calendar (PDF)

While the title indicates "2008," this calendar is useful every year as a reminder of good management practices for your pasture and goats. This tool is concise, informative, and loaded with tips to benefit your whole farm. Record sheets are included at the end of the 23-page document.

81) Intermountain Planting Guide (PDF)

Jensen, Kevin, and Howard Horton, Ron Reed, and Ralph Whitesides. Utah State University. 106 p.

82) Extending Grazing and Reducing Stored Feed Needs (PDF)

This 20-page publication is ANR-1357 and is available at some Extension offices.

83) University of Wisconsin Extension Pasture Management and Grazing

84) Livestock for Landscapes

85) BEHAVE- Behavioral Education for Human Animal Vegetation and Ecosystem Management

86) Alberta Forage Manual

87) Montana State University

88) ARS Range Monitoring Manuals

89) Interpreting Indicators of Rangeland Health (PDF)

90) USDA Pasture Condition Score System (PDF)

91) Guide to NRCS Pasture Condition Scoring (PDF)

92) Pasture Condition Score Sheet (PDF)

93) Multi-Species Grazing and Leafy Spurge CD

TEAM Leafy Spurge. 2002.
This CD provides a variety of useful information about using grazing as an effective, affordable, and sustainable leafy spurge management tool. It contains economic reports, posters, photos, a PowerPoint presentation, extensive bibliography, and more. A great resource.

To order a copy, contact:
USDA-ARS Northern Plains
Agriculture Research Laboratory

1500 North Central Avenue
Sidney, MT 59270
(406) 433-2020

94) GOATS! For Firesafe Homes in Wildland Areas (CD)

This CD/handbook is designed to provide fire managers, communities, and livestock owners information on using goats to reduce fire danger. It includes expected results, and the "hows" of managing animals, choosing treatment sites, developing contracts for services, estimating costs, and starting projects. This is a great CD with some excellent videos.

You can purchase a copy online or contact:
Kathy Voth
6850 West County Road 24
Loveland, CO 80538

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V. Animal Health

95) Managing Internal Parasites in Sheep and Goats
This publication discusses new techniques to manage parasites and to prolong the efficacy of dewormers. New management tools that remain under investigation are also discussed. A list of resources follows the narrative.

96) Tools for Managing Internal Parasites in Small Ruminants: Copper Wire Particles
The publication contains information on how to make boluses of copper wire oxide particles and reports results of studies on the effectiveness of this treatment.

97) Tools for Managing Internal Parasites in Small Ruminants: Sericea Lespedeza
This publication discusses tools that can be used to manage internal parasites of sheep and goats that are becoming resistant to conventional wormers. One such tool is the forage sericea lespedeza, and the publication discusses how it can be used and presents the results of research on how it reduces parasites in small ruminants.

98) Predator Control for Sustainable and Organic Livestock Production
This publication focuses primarily on the control of coyotes and dogs, the main causes of livestock loss to predation, through management practices such as fencing and secure areas and the use of guard animals.

99) Integrated Parasite Management for Livestock
With parasites developing resistance to all dewormers, and more farmers producing livestock by "natural" methods, there is interest in looking for alternative ways to manage parasite problems. This publication offers a systems approach to assess and manage the soil, forages, and animals to decrease internal parasites and their effects.

100) Sheep and Goat Medicine

Pugh, D.G. 2002. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, PA. 468 p.
A great gift for a veterinarian. A wealth of information for producers and for veterinarians. Knowledge of veterinary terminology will be helpful in using this book.

101) A Veterinary Guide for Animal Owners: Caring for Cats, Dogs, Chicken, Sheep, Cattle, Rabbits, and More, 2nd Edition

Spaulding, C.E and Jackie Clay. 2nd Edition. 2001. Rodale, Inc., Emmaus, PA. 432 p.
A very readable and practical book with chapters on cattle, horses, hogs, sheep, goats, dogs and cats.

102) Keeping Livestock Healthy: A Veterinary Guide to Horses, Cattle, Pigs, Goats & Sheep, 4th Edition

Haynes, N. Bruce. 2001. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 352 p.
Covers cattle, horses, swine, sheep, and goats. A good book for learning about diseases in general, with emphasis on prevention. Most attention is given to large animals.

103) …May Safely Graze: Protecting Livestock Against Predators

Fytche, Eugene. 1998. Published by the author. 103 p.
This book explores how to identify and quantify the predator problem and includes information on many methods to control the predators, including guard animals, fencing, and management.

Available from:
Eugene Fytche
R.R. #1
Almonte, Ontario. K0A 1A0.
For more information, call (603) 256-1798.

104) Livestock Guardians: Using Dogs, Donkeys, and Llamas to Protect your Herd

Dohner, Jan Vorwald. 2007. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 256 p.
A comprehensive guide for farmers struggling to reduce predation of sheep, goats, and other livestock.

105) The Complete Herbal Handbook for Farm and Stable, 4th Edition

Bairacli Levy, Juliette de. 1991. Faber & Faber, London, U.K. 471 p.
Very interesting book offering a different perspective on prevention of disease and production of healthy animals without using conventional medicine.

106) The Dairy Practices Council Small Ruminant Guidelines

Guidelines for the Dairy Industry Relating to Sanitation and Milk Quality for Small Ruminant Operations.
A set of 17 Guidelines relating to small ruminants; each may also be purchased separately. Very good technical information for commercial producers of dairy sheep and goats.

To order a copy, contact:
The Dairy Practices Council
51 East Front Street, Suite 2
Keyport, NJ 07735
(732) 264-2643
Set: $70

107) Humane Livestock Handling: Understanding Livestock Behavior and Building Facilities for Healthier Animals

Grandin, Temple. 2008. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 227 p.
Learn how to improve the day-to-day operation as well as the profitability of your farm by raising healthier, more contented animals. Temple Grandin shares dozens of methods and detailed plans she has developed for low-stress ways to move livestock on pastures, paddocks, and feedlot pens.

108) Small Ruminant Production Medicine and Management Manual

This reference manual contains video, flow charts, photos, and procedure descriptions that are a must for any sheep and goat owner. Find answers to those everyday questions on management, birthing problems, disease prevention/treatment, the proper use of various products, and much more.
P.O. Box 494
Brigham City, UT 84302

109) Alternative Treatments for Ruminant Animals

Dettloff, Paul, DVM. 2004. Acres USA. Austin, TX. 246 p.
This book provides information on natural, organic, and sustainable approaches to animal health. Includes information for sheep and goats.

110) Natural Goat Care

Coleby, Pat. 2001. Acres USA. Austin, TX. 371 p.
Fascinating book; Australian author pays much attention to nutrition and to maintaining health organically. Call 1-800-355-5313.

111) Goat Medicine, 2nd Edition

Smith, Mary and David M. Sherman. 2009. Wiley-Blackwell, Baltimore, MD. 888 p.
This book is recommended as a useful gift for a veterinarian. Very scientific; some of the terminology will be understood only by a veterinarian, but a few chapters are very useful to producers.

112) Goat Health Handbook: A Field Guide for Producers with Limited Veterinary Service

Thedford, T.R. 1983. Printed in collaboration with the Agricultural Experimental Station, University of Arkansas. 123 p.

Available from:
International Winrock Publication Sales
P.O. Box 9363
Arlington, VA 22209-0363

113) Natural Sheep Care

Coleby, Pat. 2006. Acres USA, Austin, TX. 215 p.
This is a natural sheep care book with special attention devoted to breeding for finer wool and meat, land management, and treatment of diseases and other health problems.

114) Living With Worms in Organic Sheep Production

Stockdale, Peter. 2008. Canadian Organic Growers, Inc., Ontario, Canada. 79 p
An excellent book that covers parasite life cycles, managing pastures and animals to prevent parasitism, and diagnosis and treatment of internal parasites.

115) The Sheep Keeper's Veterinary Handbook

Winter, Agnes and Judith Charnley. 2007. The Crowood Press, Ltd., Ramsbury, Marlborough, U.K. 208 p.
Covers the basics of keeping sheep and common health issues. Focuses on identifying healthy sheep and preventing disease.

116) American Association of Small Ruminant Practitioners

117) National Scrapie Education Initiative

118) Southern Consortium for Small Ruminant Parasite Control

119) Pipestone Veterinary Supply

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VI. Marketing and Business

120) Direct Marketing
This publication on direct marketing alternatives—with emphasis on niche, specialty, and value-added products—features many farm case studies, as well as information on enterprise budgets and promotion/publicity. A new section discusses implications of Internet marketing and e-commerce for agriculture.

121) Evaluating a Rural Enterprise
This publication is for people who already live in rural areas and want to add new enterprises to their operations. Its sections guide the reader in evaluating resources, assessing finances, gathering information, and marketing. It also discusses choosing an "alternative" enterprise and offers further resources.

122) Holistic Management: A Whole-Farm Decision Making Framework
Introduction to holistic management. Holistic management is a decision-making framework that assists farmers and others in establishing a long-term goal, a detailed financial plan, a biological plan for the landscape, and a monitoring program to assess progress toward the goal. Holistic Management helps managers ask the right questions and guides them in setting priorities.

123) Keys to Success in Value-Added Agriculture
This publication presents, largely in the words of fourteen farmers, important lessons they learned in adding value to farm products and marketing directly to consumers.

124) Adding Value to Farm Products: An Overview
This publication introduces the concept of value-added farm products, explains a few of the nuts and bolts for starting a food processing business, and provides resources for additional information.

125) Value-Added Dairy Options
Considerations for those who want to increase profitability by bottling milk, making cheese or yogurt, or doing some other processing of their milk. This publication discusses regulations and organic milk certification and offers resources for further information.

126) Building a Sustainable Business: A Guide to Developing a Business Plan for Farms and Rural Business

DiGiacomo, Gigi, Robert King, and Dale Nordquist. 2003. Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture, Saint Paul, MN, and the Sustainable Agriculture Network, Beltsville, MD. 280 p.
Business planning is an important part of owning and managing a farm. Business plans help farmers demonstrate that they have fully researched their proposed enterprises; they know how to produce their products, how to sell what they produce, and how to manage financial risks. This comprehensive workbook will guide farmers through every step of the process in creating a business plan. Includes many examples from existing farms. This workbook is a bargain. Available for $14.00 + $3.95 S/H by calling (802) 656-0484 or 1-800-909-6472. Publication can also be viewed and downloaded online.

127) Small-Scale Livestock Farming: A Grass Based Approach for Health, Sustainability, and Profit

Ekarius, Carol. 1999. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 217 p.
Not specific to any species of livestock; contains farmer profiles and quite a bit of holistic planning and economic information. Very complete in treatment of rotational grazing.

128) Making Money with Goats

Winslow, Ellie. 2005. Freefall Press. 193 p.
This book covers many ways to make money with goats, including information on general production, goat milk, meat, skins, fiber, and business planning.

129) Turning Wool into a Cottage Industry

Simmons, Paula. 1991. Storey Publishing, LLC., Pownal, VT. 188 p.
This book is a big help to those who want to use fiber.

130) Changes in the Sheep Industry

National Research Council. 2008. The National Academic Press, Washington, D.C. 347 p.
A comprehensive report covering the history and current state of the U.S. sheep industry. Also includes information on breeds, health issues, and marketing.

131) Marketing out of the Mainstream: A Producers' Guide to Direct Marketing of Lamb and Wool

Kirkpatrick, Tamra and James Bell. 1995. Sheep Industry Development Program. Englewood, CO. 57 p.
Available as a PDF from the American Sheep Industry website. This site also includes up-to-date reports about marketing, and the Sheep Care Guide.

132) Holistic Management: A New Framework for Decision Making

Savory, Allan, and Jody Butterfield. 1999. Island Press, Washington, D.C. 616 p.
This is an in-depth look at how to assess your situation, form a mission statement, set goals, and make plans to reach them in light of social, economic, and environmental concerns. While it is very long and introduces some difficult concepts and unfamiliar terminology, this book includes pictures, graphics, examples, and clear explanations. Understanding and applying the concepts of holistic management will lead to making better decisions for your land and your family.

133) Whole Farm Planning: Ecological Imperatives, Personal Values and Economics

Henderson, Elizabeth, and Karl North. 2004. Northeast Organic Farming Association Interstate Council. Barre, MA. 92 p.
Concise, simplified, unintimidating look at whole farm planning, packed with examples. This is a great place to start learning about holistic management.

134) Sheep and Goat Marketing Information

135) Measuring and Analyzing Farm Financial Performance, Purdue Extension

136) A PRIMER for Selecting New Enterprises for Your Farm, University of Kentucky Extension (PDF)

137) Holistic Management

138) Whole Farm Planning With Holistic Management

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VII. Organic Production

139) NCAT's Organic Livestock Workbook: A Guide to Sustainable and Allowed Practices
This workbook has been created to help organic and transitional producers with livestock or mixed crop and livestock operations understand the range of practices and materials allowed under the National Organic Program Regulations. Particular emphasis is placed on farming strategies and practices that promote sustainability.

140) Pastures: Going Organic
This publication is an introduction to regulations related to organic pasture and rangeland in the United States. Fertility, weed, and insect pest management issues are briefly addressed. Organic integrity is discussed, including records required to demonstrate compliance with the National Organic Standards. References and resources follow the narrative.

142) Organic Standards for Livestock Production: Highlights of the USDA's National Organic Program Regulations
This collection of excerpts from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National Organic Program (NOP) provides the reader with key standards relevant to organic livestock producers.

143) Organic Certification Process
This guide is designed to help organic producers and handlers understand, prepare for, and get the most from the process of organic certification to USDA National Organic Standards.

144) Organic Farm Certification and the National Organic Program
Farmers planning to market their products as "organic" must become certified. This guide outlines the considerations involved in "going organic" and the basic steps to organic certification.

145) Organic System Plans: Livestock Production
If you want to certify your livestock operation(s) as organic, you will need to complete an application form. This guide was developed to assist you in completing that application by explaining just what information certifiers want and why it is required.

146) Organic Livestock Documentation Forms
In order to become certified organic, livestock producers must demonstrate to an accredited certifier that their operations comply with National Organic Program regulations. The 32 forms in this package are provided as tools that livestock producers can use for documenting practices, inputs, and activities that demonstrate compliance with regulations or that assist in other aspects of farm record keeping.

147) Organic Livestock Feed Suppliers Database
One of the challenges of organic livestock production is locating the 100% organic feed required. This self-listing database helps producers locate sources of feed.

148) Alternative Treatments for Ruminant Animals

Dettloff, Paul, DVM. 2004. Acres USA. Austin, TX. 246 p.
This book provides information on natural, organic, and sustainable approaches to animal health.
Includes information for sheep and goats.

149) Living With Worms in Organic Sheep Production

Stockdale, Peter. 2008. Canadian Organic Growers, Inc., Ontario, Canada. 79 p.
An excellent book that covers parasite life cycles, managing pastures and animals to prevent parasitism, diagnosis and treatment of internal parasites.

150) Transitioning to Organic Sheep or Goat Meat Production

151) Transitioning to Organic Sheep or Goat Dairy Production

152) National Organic Program

153) New Farm (Rodale)

154) Organic Trade Association Organic Pages Online

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Vendors: Magazines

Goat Rancher

Terry Hankins, editor and publisher
731 Sandy Branch Road
Sarah, MS 38665
$29 per year (12 issues)

Sheep! Magazine

W11564 Hwy. 64
Withee, WI 54498
$21 per year (6 issues)

The Shepherd

5696 Johnston
New Washington, OH 44854-9736
(419) 492-2364
$30 per year (12 issues)

Meat Goat Monthly

Ranch Publishing
P.O. Box 2678
San Angelo, TX 76902
(915) 655-4434
$27 per year (12 issues)

The Stockman Grass Farmer

P.O. Box 2300
Ridgeland, MS 39158-2300
(601) 853-1861
$32 per year (12 issues)

Hobby Farms

P.O. Box 8237
Lexington, KY 40533
$15 per year (6 issues)

Small Farm Today

3903 W. Ridge Trail Road
Clark, MO 65243-9525
$24 per year (6 issues)

Spin Off

Interweave Press
201 E. Fourth Street
Loveland, CO 80537-5655
$26 per year (4 issues)

Dairy Goat Journal

W11564 Hwy 64
Withee, WI 54498
$21 per year (6 issues); $35 for 2 years

Countryside & Small Stock Journal

W11564 Hwy 64
Withee, WI 54489
$18 per year (6 issues)

United Caprine News

P.O. Box 328
Crowley, TX 76036
(817) 297-3411
$22.50 per year (12 issues)


P.O. Box 48
Belleville, WI 53508
(608) 455-3311
$30 per year (10 issues)

Wild Fibers Magazine

P.O. Box 1752
Rockland, ME 04841
(207) 594-9455
$30 per year (4 issues)

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Dairy Sheep Association of North America (DSANA)

President, Claire M. Sandrock
University of Wisconsin-Madison
1675 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706
(608) 332-2889

American Dairy Goat Association

209 West Main Street
P.O. Box 865
Spindale, NC 28160
(828) 286-3801

International Goat Association

1 World Avenue
Little Rock, AR 72202
(501) 454-1641

American Sheep Industry Association

6911 S. Yosemite St.
Englewood, CO 80112-1414
(303) 771-3500

National Sheep Improvement Program

James Morgan, Ph.D.
(479) 444-6075

American Sheep and Goat Center

Box 646
Rockland, ME 04841

American Goat Federation

(502) 352-2434
(801) 376-4685

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Vendors: Suppliers

Caprine Supply

P.O. Box Y
3301 W. 83rd Street
DeSoto, KS 66018
(913) 585-1191

Hoegger Supply Company

160 Providence Road
Fayetteville, GA 30215


46935 SD Hwy. 50
Burbank, SD 57010-9605
(605) 624-4538
(605) 624-3233 FAX

Hamby Dairy Supply

2402 SW Water Street
Maysville, MO 64469-9102

Tarter Farm and Ranch Equipment

P.O. Box 10
Dunnville, KY 42528


901 Janesville Avenue
P.O. Box 901
Fort Atkinson, WI 53538-0901

Jeffers Livestock Supply

P.O. Box 100
Dothan, AL 36302
1-800-JEFFERS or 1-800-533-3377
(334) 793-6257
(334) 793-5179 FAX



Pipestone Veterinary Supply

P.O. Box 188
1300 Hwy 75 S.
Pipestone, MN 56164

Ketcham's Sheep Equipment ("Red Stuff")

6471 Miller Drive
Edwardsville, IL 62025
(618) 656-5388

Ketchum Manufacturing Inc.

1245 California Ave.
Brockville, ON, Canada
K6V 7N5
(613) 342-8455
(613) 342-7550 FAX

Gallagher Animal Management Systems

Gallagher Power Fence, Inc.
130 W. 23rd Ave.
P.O. Box 7506
North Kansas City, MO 64116
(816) 421-2005
(816) 421-2009 FAX

Registers Sheep and Goat Supplies

3398 Gabe Smith Road
Wade, NC 28395

Sheepman Supply Co.

8102 Liberty Road
Frederick, MD 21701
(301) 662-4197

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Books are available at your bookstore, farm store, or directly from the publishing company.

Storey Publishing

MoCA Way
North Adams, MA 01247
(413) 346-2100
(413) 346-2199 FAX
consumer orders:

Barron's Books

250 Wireless Blvd
Hauppauge, NY 11788

Back 40 Books

Nature's Pace Sanctuary
Hartshorn, MO 65479

Acres USA

P.O. Box 91299
Austin, TX 78709

Small Ruminant Resources
Linda Coffey, Jana Reynolds and Margo Hale
Updated by Linda Coffey, Margo Hale and Hannah Lewis
NCAT Agriculture Specialists
Slot 260
Version 090910


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This page was last updated on: August 28, 2014